Negative regulation of memory phenotype CD8 T cell conversion by adhesion and degranulation-promoting adapter protein

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Abstract

The maintenance of T cell repertoire diversity involves the entry of newly developed T cells, as well as the maintenance of memory T cells generated from previous infections. This balance depends on competition for a limited amount of homeostatic cytokines and interaction with self-peptide MHC class I. In the absence of prior infection, memory-like or memory phenotype (MP) CD8 T cells can arise from homeostatic cytokine exposure during neonatal lymphopenia. Aside from downstream cytokine signaling, little is known about the regulation of the conversion of naive CD8 T cells to MP CD8 T cells during acute lymphopenia. We have identified a novel negative regulatory role for adhesion and degranulation-promoting adapter protein (ADAP) in CD8 T cell function. We show that in the absence of ADAP, naive CD8 T cells exhibit a diminished response to stimulatory Ag, but an enhanced response to weak agonist-altered peptide ligands. ADAP-deficient mice exhibit more MP CD8 T cells that occur following thymic emigration and are largely T cell intrinsic. Naive ADAP-deficient CD8 T cells are hyperresponsive to lymphopenia in vivo and exhibit enhanced activation of STAT5 and homeostatic Ag-independent proliferation in response to IL-15. Our results indicate that ADAP dampens naive CD8 T cell responses to lymphopenia and IL-15, and they demonstrate a novel Ag-independent function for ADAP in the suppression of MP CD8 T cell generation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3119-3128
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume195
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

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Cell Degranulation
Cell Adhesion
T-Lymphocytes
Phenotype
Proteins
Lymphopenia
Interleukin-15
Cytokines
Maintenance
Peptides
Emigration and Immigration
Infection

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title = "Negative regulation of memory phenotype CD8 T cell conversion by adhesion and degranulation-promoting adapter protein",
abstract = "The maintenance of T cell repertoire diversity involves the entry of newly developed T cells, as well as the maintenance of memory T cells generated from previous infections. This balance depends on competition for a limited amount of homeostatic cytokines and interaction with self-peptide MHC class I. In the absence of prior infection, memory-like or memory phenotype (MP) CD8 T cells can arise from homeostatic cytokine exposure during neonatal lymphopenia. Aside from downstream cytokine signaling, little is known about the regulation of the conversion of naive CD8 T cells to MP CD8 T cells during acute lymphopenia. We have identified a novel negative regulatory role for adhesion and degranulation-promoting adapter protein (ADAP) in CD8 T cell function. We show that in the absence of ADAP, naive CD8 T cells exhibit a diminished response to stimulatory Ag, but an enhanced response to weak agonist-altered peptide ligands. ADAP-deficient mice exhibit more MP CD8 T cells that occur following thymic emigration and are largely T cell intrinsic. Naive ADAP-deficient CD8 T cells are hyperresponsive to lymphopenia in vivo and exhibit enhanced activation of STAT5 and homeostatic Ag-independent proliferation in response to IL-15. Our results indicate that ADAP dampens naive CD8 T cell responses to lymphopenia and IL-15, and they demonstrate a novel Ag-independent function for ADAP in the suppression of MP CD8 T cell generation.",
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AB - The maintenance of T cell repertoire diversity involves the entry of newly developed T cells, as well as the maintenance of memory T cells generated from previous infections. This balance depends on competition for a limited amount of homeostatic cytokines and interaction with self-peptide MHC class I. In the absence of prior infection, memory-like or memory phenotype (MP) CD8 T cells can arise from homeostatic cytokine exposure during neonatal lymphopenia. Aside from downstream cytokine signaling, little is known about the regulation of the conversion of naive CD8 T cells to MP CD8 T cells during acute lymphopenia. We have identified a novel negative regulatory role for adhesion and degranulation-promoting adapter protein (ADAP) in CD8 T cell function. We show that in the absence of ADAP, naive CD8 T cells exhibit a diminished response to stimulatory Ag, but an enhanced response to weak agonist-altered peptide ligands. ADAP-deficient mice exhibit more MP CD8 T cells that occur following thymic emigration and are largely T cell intrinsic. Naive ADAP-deficient CD8 T cells are hyperresponsive to lymphopenia in vivo and exhibit enhanced activation of STAT5 and homeostatic Ag-independent proliferation in response to IL-15. Our results indicate that ADAP dampens naive CD8 T cell responses to lymphopenia and IL-15, and they demonstrate a novel Ag-independent function for ADAP in the suppression of MP CD8 T cell generation.

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