Naturally segregating loci exhibit epistasis for fitness

Patrick J. Monnahan, John K. Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The extent to which gene interaction or epistasis contributes to fitness variation within populations remains poorly understood, despite its importance to a myriad of evolutionary questions. Here, we report a multi-year field study estimating fitness of Mimulus guttatus genetic lines in which pairs of naturally segregating loci exist in an otherwise uniform background. An allele at QTL x5b - a locus originally mapped for its effect on flower size - positively affects survival if combined with one genotype at quantitative trait locus x10a (aa) but has negative effects when combined with the other genotypes (Aa and AA). The viability differences between genotypes parallel phenotypic differences for the time and node at which a plant flowers. Viability is negatively correlated with fecundity across genotypes, indicating antagonistic pleiotropy for fitness components. This trade-off reduces the genetic variance for total fitness relative to the individual fitness components and thus may serve to maintain variation. Additionally, we find that the effects of each locus and their interaction often vary with the environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20150498
JournalBiology letters
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Keywords

  • Antagonistic pleiotropy
  • Epistasis
  • Field assay
  • Fitness
  • QTL

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