Natural selection on cork oak: Allele frequency reveals divergent selection in cork oak populations along a temperature cline

J. A. Ramírez-Valiente, Z. Lorenzo, A. Soto, F. Valladares, L. Gil, I. Aranda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

A recent study of population divergence at neutral markers and adaptive traits in cork oak has observed an association between genetic distances at locus QpZAG46 and genetic distances for leaf size and growth. In that study it was proposed that certain loci could be linked to genes encoding for adaptive traits in cork oak and, thus, could be used in adaptation studies. In order to investigate this hypothesis, here we (1) looked for associations between molecular markers and a set of adaptive traits in cork oak, and (2) explored the effects of the climate on among-population patterns in adaptive traits and molecular markers. For this purpose, we chose 9-year-old plants originating from thirteen populations spanning a broad range of climatic conditions. Plants established in a common garden site were genotyped at six nuclear microsatellites and phenotypically characterized for six functional traits potentially related to plant performance. Our results supported the proposed linkage between locus QpZAG46 and genes encoding for leaf size and growth. Temperature caused adaptive population divergence in leaf size and growth, which was expressed as differences in the frequencies of the alleles at locus QpZAG46.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1031-1044
Number of pages14
JournalEvolutionary Ecology
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Additive effects
  • Dominance
  • Natural selection
  • Overdominance
  • Quercus suber

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