Natural convection from a tube bundle in a thin inclined enclosure

Wei Liu, Jane H. Davidson, F. A. Kulacki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


Natural convection heat transfer coefficients for a rectangular array of eight tubes contained in a thin enclosure of aspect ratio 9.3:1 and inclined at 30 degrees to the horizontal are measured for a range of transient operating modes typical of a load side heat exchanger in unpressurized integral collector-storage systems. Water is the working fluid, and thermal charging is accomplished via a constant heat flux on the upper boundary. All other boundaries are well insulated. Results for isothermal and stratified enclosures yield the following correlation for the overall Nusselt number: NuD = (0.728 ± 0.002)RaD0.25, 4.0 × 105 ≤ RaD ≤ 1.4 × 107. The flow field in the enclosure is inferred from measured temperature distributions. The temperature difference that drives natural convection is also determined. The results extend earlier work for the case of a single tube and provide limiting case heat transfer data for a tube bundle that occupies the upper portion of the collector storage system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Heat Transfer Division, (Publication) HTD
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2003
Event2003 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress - Washington, DC., United States
Duration: Nov 15 2003Nov 21 2003


Other2003 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityWashington, DC.


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