Native americans resolve alcohol use disorder: "whatever it takes or all that it takes"

Kamilla L. Venner, Kylee Hagler, Violette Cloud, Brenna Greenfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: There is a growing awareness of the prevalence of abstinence and rates of remission from alcohol problems among Native Americans (NAs). Past NA remission research has included epidemiological studies, treatment outcomes, and qualitative inquiry. In this study, we sought to qualitatively examine how NAs resolved moderate to severe alcohol use disorder (AUD) and maintained long-Term sobriety. Method: Recruitment via newspaper advertisements, flyers, and word-of-mouth yielded 55 NA participants (56% male). Face-To-face semistructured interviews lasted about 1 hr. We transcribed the audio recordings and analyzed data with NVivo software using an iterative process of thematic analysis and consensus building. Results: Two major coding categories were used: motivating factors and actions used to resolve AUD. Each of these categories consisted of subcodes (8 and 13, respectively). Conclusions: NAs resolved AUD via multiple methods and efforts. What worked for one individual did not necessarily work the first time or for another individual. Although some motivators or actions were unique to NAs, others were similar to findings in the general population. Because multiple and varied motivations and actions may be required to resolve AUD, individuals with AUD and their loved ones should persevere in their efforts to make positive changes. Future research should examine other NA tribal regions and NA remission from drug use disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)350-358
Number of pages9
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alcohol use disorder
  • American Indians
  • Motivation
  • Native Americans
  • Remission

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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