BACKGROUND: African-born persons constitute 1% of the total Minnesota population, yet 24% of new HIV infections occurred in this population in 2016. Furthermore, 32% of the African born persons living with HIV [PLWH] did not check their CD4 counts or viral load in 2018. Little is known of the role of pharmacists in antiretroviral (ARV) management in the PLWH of African origin.
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the experiences of African-born PLWH in their interactions with pharmacists and perceptions of pharmacists' roles in fostering adherence to ARV therapy.
METHODS: A qualitative approach was used for this study. Recruitment via fliers for in-person interviews with African-born PLWH in Minnesota continued until saturation was achieved. Narrative Interviews with 14 participants lasting up to 2 h were conducted over five months. All interviews were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim by a professional transcription service. Conventional Content Analysis was used to analyze the data.
RESULTS: Three themes emerged from analyzed data "Interaction with the pharmacists," "Revealing the diagnosis to a pharmacist," and "Lack of disclosure of HIV status to a pharmacist."
CONCLUSIONS: The participants referred to the interaction with pharmacists as a "business" or "transactional interaction." To better understand the interaction between pharmacists and PLWH of African-born, future studies could benefit from interviewing pharmacists from different practice settings.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Olstein Fellowship ; and the Doctoral Dissertation Fellowship at University of Minnesota .
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't