Narrative experiences of interactions with pharmacists among African-born persons living with HIV: “It's mostly business.”

Alina Cernasev, William L. Larson, Todd Rockwood, Cynthia Peden-McAlpine, Paul L. Ranelli, Olihe Okoro, Jon C. Schommer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: African-born persons constitute 1% of the total Minnesota population, yet 24% of new HIV infections occurred in this population in 2016. Furthermore, 32% of the African born persons living with HIV [PLWH] did not check their CD4 counts or viral load in 2018. Little is known of the role of pharmacists in antiretroviral (ARV) management in the PLWH of African origin.

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the experiences of African-born PLWH in their interactions with pharmacists and perceptions of pharmacists' roles in fostering adherence to ARV therapy.

METHODS: A qualitative approach was used for this study. Recruitment via fliers for in-person interviews with African-born PLWH in Minnesota continued until saturation was achieved. Narrative Interviews with 14 participants lasting up to 2 h were conducted over five months. All interviews were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim by a professional transcription service. Conventional Content Analysis was used to analyze the data.

RESULTS: Three themes emerged from analyzed data "Interaction with the pharmacists," "Revealing the diagnosis to a pharmacist," and "Lack of disclosure of HIV status to a pharmacist."

CONCLUSIONS: The participants referred to the interaction with pharmacists as a "business" or "transactional interaction." To better understand the interaction between pharmacists and PLWH of African-born, future studies could benefit from interviewing pharmacists from different practice settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-534
Number of pages6
JournalResearch in Social and Administrative Pharmacy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Olstein Fellowship ; and the Doctoral Dissertation Fellowship at University of Minnesota .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.


  • Disclosure
  • Interaction
  • Pharmacist
  • Secrecy

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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