Nanoxerography: Electrostatic force directed printing of nanomaterials

Chad R. Barry, Steven Campbell, Heiko O. Jacobs

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The first part of this talk reviews recent results in the area of Electric Nanocontact Lithography while the second part will discuss the use of electrostatic forces to direct the assembly of nanomaterials. First we report on a programmable, reconfigurable, printing approach for parallel nanofabrication of three different types of structures: patterns of charge, oxide, and e-beam sensitive resist. Our approach that we refer to as Electric Nanocontact Lithography (ENL) is based on previous knowledge in the area of conducting scanning probe lithography which uses a conducting probe to electrically expose and modify a surface. ENL makes use of the same physical principles; however, instead of using a single electrical point contact, we use programmable electrical nanocontacts of different size and shape to expose a surface. In the second part we report on a novel directed self-assembly process to assemble nanoparticle based devices. Nanoparticles are considered potential building blocks for the fabrication of future devices. The use of nanoparticles and nanomaterials in general, however, requires novel assembly concepts. The concept that we present is based on electrostatic interactions. In particular we demonstrate directed self-assembly of nanoparticles onto charged surface areas (receptors) with sub 100 nm resolution. A liquid-phase assembly process where electrostatic forces compete with disordering forces due to ultrasonication has been developed to assemble nanoparticles onto charged based receptors in 10 seconds. A gas-phase assembly process has been developed that uses a transparent particle assembly module to direct and monitor the assembly of nanoparticles. A process is also being developed to enable the patterning of any organic and inorganic nanomaterials with sub 100 nm resolution. First patterns of biomolecules will be presented. Currently, the electrostatically directed assembly of sub 10 nm sized proteins, 10 - 100 nm sized metal, 40 nm sized silicon nanocubes, and 30 nm - 3000 nm sized carbon nanoparticles has been accomplished. The application to nanoparticle devices will be discussed and first results on a nanoparticle transistor will be presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDigital Fabrication 2005 - Final Program and Proceedings
Number of pages1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
EventDigital Fabrication 2005 - Baltimore, MD, United States
Duration: Sep 18 2005Sep 22 2005

Publication series

NameDigital Fabrication 2005 - Final Program and Proceedings


OtherDigital Fabrication 2005
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBaltimore, MD


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