Nanotubes fabricated by anodizing processes for advanced material application

Woo Jin Lee, William H. Smyrl

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Extended and oriented nanostructures are desirable for many applications, but direct fabrication of complex nanostructures with well-aligned morphology, orientation and surface architectures remains a significant challenge. Here, we report a successful robust fabrication of titanium (Ti) and zirconium (Zr) oxide nanotubes by a simple electrochemical anodizing process without the use of any template. The nanotubes formed perpendicular to the metal substrates and had an open ended array of continuous, well-aligned conformation with various hole sizes, depending upon applied anodizing voltages and times. Both the TiO 2 and ZrO 2 nanotubes have a uniform diameter which may make them suitable for chemical sensing, catalysis, optical emission and nanoelectrode assembly for batteries and electrochemistry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPits and Pores III
Subtitle of host publicationFormation, Properties, and Significance for Advanced Materials - Proceedings of the International Symposium
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2006
Event206th Electrochemical Society Meeting - Honolulu, HI, United States
Duration: Oct 3 2004Oct 8 2004

Publication series

NameProceedings - Electrochemical Society
VolumePV 2004-19


Other206th Electrochemical Society Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHonolulu, HI


  • Anodizing
  • Nanotube
  • Titanium
  • Zirconium


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