Nanosecond pulsed humid Ar plasma jet in air: Shielding, discharge characteristics and atomic hydrogen production

Shurik Yatom, Yuchen Luo, Qing Xiong, Peter J. Bruggeman

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42 Scopus citations


Gas phase non-equilibrium plasmas jets containing water vapor are of growing interest for many applications. In this manuscript, we report a detailed study of an atmospheric pressure nanosecond pulsed Ar + 0.26% H2O plasma jet. The plasma jet operates in an atmospheric pressure air surrounding but is shielded with a coaxial argon flow to limit the air diffusion into the jet effluent core. The jet impinges on a metal plate electrode and produces a stable plasma filament (transient spark) between the needle electrode in the jet and the metal plate. The stable plasma filament is characterized by spatially and time resolved electrical and optical diagnostics. This includes Rayleigh scattering, Stark broadening of the hydrogen Balmer lines and two-photon absorption laser induced fluorescence (TaLIF) to obtain the gas temperature, the electron density and the atomic hydrogen density respectively. Electron densities and atomic hydrogen densities up to 5 × 1022 m-3 and 2 7times; 1022 m-3 have been measured. This shows that atomic hydrogen is one of the main species in high density Ar-H2O plasmas. The gas temperature does not exceed 550 K in the core of the plasma. To enable in situ calibration of the H TaLIF at atmospheric pressure a previously published O density calibration scheme is extended to include a correction for the line profiles by including overlap integrals as required by H TaLIF. The line width of H TaLIF, due to collision broadening has the same trend as the neutral density obtained by Rayleigh scattering. This suggests the possibility to use this technique to in situ probe neutral gas densities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number415204
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Issue number41
StatePublished - Sep 21 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is partially funded by the Department of Energy Plasma Science Center through the US Department of Energy, Office of Fusion Energy Sciences, Contract: DESC0001939, the National Science Foundation (PHY 1500135) and the University of Minnesota.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd.


  • atomic hydrogen
  • diagnostics
  • nanosecond pulsed
  • non-equilibrium atmospheric pressure plasma
  • plasma jet
  • two photon absorption laser induced fluorescence
  • water vapor kinetics


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