Nanoparticle heating: Nanoscale to bulk effects of electromagnetically heated iron oxide and gold for biomedical applications

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Scopus citations


Biomedical applications of nanoparticle heating range in scale from molecular activation (i.e. molecular beacons, protein denaturation, lipid melting and drug release), cellular heating (i.e. nanophotolysis and membrane permeability control and rupture) to whole tumor heating (deep and superficial). This work will present a review on the heating of two classes of biologically compatible metallic nanoparticles: iron oxide and gold with particular focus on spatial and temporal scales of the heating event. The size range of nanoparticles under discussion will focus predominantly in the 10 - 200 nm diameter size range. Mechanisms of heating range from Néelian and Brownian relaxation due to magnetic susceptibility at 100s of kHz, optical absorption due to VIS and NIR lasers and "Joule" heating at higher frequency RF (13.56 MHz). The heat generation of individual nanoparticles and the thermal responses at nano-, micro-, and macroscales are presented. This review will also discuss how to estimate a specific absorption rate (SAR, W/g) based on individual nanoparticles heating in bulk samples. Experimental setups are designed to measure the SAR and the results are compared with theoretical predictions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEnergy-Based Treatment of Tissue and Assessment VI
StatePublished - 2011
EventEnergy-Based Treatment of Tissue and Assessment VI - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 23 2011Jan 24 2011

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


ConferenceEnergy-Based Treatment of Tissue and Assessment VI
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA


  • Gold nanoparticle
  • Iron oxide nanoparticle
  • Joule heating
  • Magnetic fluid hyperthermia
  • Nanoparticle heating
  • Neel and brownian relaxation
  • Photothermal therapy
  • Plasmon resonance


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