The function of many nano- and microscale systems is revealed when they are visualized in both space and time. Here, we report our first observation, using four-dimensional (4D) electron microscopy, of the nanomechanical motions of cantilevers. From the observed oscillations of nanometer displacements as a function of time, for free-standing beams, we are able to measure the frequency of modes of motion and determine Young’s elastic modulus and the force and energy stored during the optomechanical expansions. The motion of the cantilever is triggered by molecular charge redistribution as the material, single-crystal organic semiconductor, switches from the equilibrium to the expanded structure. For these material structures, the expansion is colossal, typically reaching the micrometer scale, the modulus is 2 GPa, the force is 600 µN, and the energy is 200 pJ. These values translate to a large optomechanical efficiency (minimum of 1% and up to 10% or more) and a pressure of nearly 1, 500 atm. We note that the observables here are real material changes in time, in contrast to those based on changes of optical/contrast intensity or diffraction.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||4d Visualization of Matter|
|Subtitle of host publication||Recent Collected Works of Ahmed H Zewail, Nobel Laureate|
|Publisher||World Scientific Publishing Co.|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2014|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2009 American Chemical Society.