We demonstrate a gold nanogap electrode platform that can rapidly create a linear array of biological particles by low-voltage dielectrophoresis (DEP). We further combine microfluidic buffer exchange to introduce protein molecules in high-conductivity solutions while trapping and immobilizing particles. The nanogap between the gold electrodes enables low operating voltages that prevent unwanted Joule heating in high-conductivity buffers. This platform is used to trap bioparticles composed of lipid membranes such as spherical supported lipid bilayers and brain-derived myelin particles, followed by detection of protein binding to specific membrane-bound receptors. We use bioparticles with different sizes, physicochemical properties, and origins to demonstrate a platform that can be used to study a variety of biomolecular interactions. The low-power linear DEP trap combined with microfluidic buffer exchange has potential to enable a portable biosensing platform to rapidly concentrate rare biological particles and perform on-chip binding assays with improved detection limits in physiological buffers.
|Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
|Published - Feb 20 2021
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
- Lipid bilayer
- Particle trapping