Naloxone's effect on meal microstructure of sucrose and cornstarch diets

M. J. Glass, M. K. Grace, James P Cleary, Charles J Billington, Allen S Levine

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30 Scopus citations


The opioid receptor antagonist naloxone decreases consumption of high-sucrose diets but does not reduce cornstarch diet intake in energy-restricted rats. Sucrose-fed rats eat at a much higher rate, consuming more food than cornstarch-fed rats. We examined meal microstructure using an automated weighing system in food-restricted rats eating either a high-sucrose or high-cornstarch diet. Sucrose-fed rats exhibited a higher rate of eating during their first meal compared with cornstarch-fed rats (0.34 vs. 0.20 g/min, respectively). However, naloxone did not reduce eating rate in either group. Naloxone decreased the size of the first meal in both diet groups by shortening the length of the meal. Naloxone's anorectic effect was more potent in the sucrose-fed rats. These results indicate that naloxone's heightened anorectic effect on sucrose diet consumption is not "rate dependent". Naloxone's anorectic actions may be modulated by two conditions, the sensory properties of food and the energy state of the animal. Thus the elevated anorectic potency of naloxone in energy-restricted sucrose-fed rats may reflect actions on neural systems that mediate orosensory and/or postingestive signals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1605-R1612
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Issue number5 50-5
StatePublished - 2001


  • Food intake
  • Opioids
  • Rate
  • Reward
  • Satiety


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