Myocardial renin is neither necessary nor sufficient to initiate or maintain ventricular hypertrophy

Stephen A Katz, John A. Opsahl, Shane E. Wernsing, Lynn M. Forbis, Juline Smith, Lois J. Heller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that the myocardial renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is both necessary and sufficient to initiate and maintain all classes of ventricular hypertrophy. Myocardial and plasma renin and angiotensinogen were measured in rats during initiation and maintenance of ventricular hypertrophy associated with DOCA implants and 1% NaCl drinking water, with and without the AT1 ANG II receptor blocker losartan. Additional groups of rats were given a low-sodium diet (0.04%) for 3 wk. Ventricular hypertrophy was initiated within 7 days and maintained for 35 days in DOCA-treated rats despite significantly low myocardial and plasma renin, normal or low myocardial and plasma angiotensinogen, or the presence of losartan. Furthermore, there was no ventricular hypertrophy in low-salt diet-fed animals despite increased myocardial and plasma renin levels and normal angiotensinogen levels. Therefore, the myocardial RAS is not necessary to initiate or maintain cardiac hypertrophy in DOCA-treated rats and is not sufficient to initiate cardiac hypertrophy in low-salt diet-fed rats. Additionally, myocardial renin and angiotensinogen were significantly correlated with corresponding plasma levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R578-R586
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume278
Issue number3 47-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2000

Keywords

  • Cardiac growth
  • Deoxycorticosterone acetate
  • Losartan
  • Low-salt diet
  • Renin-angiotensin system

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