Myocardial oxygenation during high work states in hearts with postinfarction remodeling

Yo Murakami, Yi Zhang, Yong K. Cho, Abdul M. Mansoor, Jun K. Chung, Cuixia Chu, Gary S Francis, Kamil Ugurbil, Robert J Bache, Arthur H From, Michael Jerosch-Herold, Norbert Wilke, Jianyi Zhang

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Abstract

Background - Postinfarction left ventricular remodeling (LVR) is associated with reductions in myocardial high-energy phosphate (HEP) levels, which are more severe in animals that develop overt congestive heart failure (CHF). During high work states, further HEP loss occurs, which suggests demand-induced ischemia. This study tested the hypothesis that inadequate myocyte oxygen availability is the basis for these HEP abnormalities. Methods and Results - Myocardial infarction was produced by left circumflex coronary artery ligation in swine. Studies were performed in 20 normal animals, 14 animals with compensated LVR, and 9 animals with CHF. Phosphocreatine (PCr)/ATP was determined with 31P NMR and deoxymyoglobin (Mb-δ) with 1H NMR in myocardium remote from the infarct. Basal PCr/ATP tended to be decreased in postinfarct hearts, and this was significant in animals with CHF. Infusion of dobutamine (20 μg · kg-1 · min-1 IV) caused doubling of the rate-pressure product in both normal and LVR hearts and resulted in comparable significant decreases of PCr/ATP in both groups. This decrease in PCr/ATP was not associated with detectable Mb-δ. In CHF hearts, rate- pressure product increased only 40% in response to dobutamine; this attenuated response also was not associated with detectable Mb-δ. Conclusions - Thus, the decrease of PCr/ATP during dobutamine infusion is not the result of insufficient myocardial oxygen availability. Furthermore, in CHF hearts, the low basal PCr/ATP and the attenuated response to dobutamine occurred in the absence of myocardial hypoxia, indicating that the HEP and contractile abnormalities were not the result of insufficient oxygen availability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)942-948
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation
Volume99
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 23 1999

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Keywords

  • Dobutamine
  • Heart failure
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Myoglobin
  • Phosphates

Cite this

Murakami, Y., Zhang, Y., Cho, Y. K., Mansoor, A. M., Chung, J. K., Chu, C., Francis, G. S., Ugurbil, K., Bache, R. J., From, A. H., Jerosch-Herold, M., Wilke, N., & Zhang, J. (1999). Myocardial oxygenation during high work states in hearts with postinfarction remodeling. Circulation, 99(7), 942-948. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.99.7.942