Myocardial ATP hydrolysis rates in vivo: A porcine model of pressure overload-induced hypertrophy

Qiang Xiong, Pengyuan Zhang, Jing Guo, Cory M Swingen, Albert Jang, Jianyi Zhang

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11 Scopus citations


Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH) and congestive heart failure are accompanied by changes in myocardial ATP metabolism. However, the rate of ATP hydrolysis cannot be measured in the in vivo heart with the conventional techniques. Here, we used a double-saturation phosphorous-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy-magnetization saturation transfer protocol to monitor ATP hydrolysis rate in swine hearts as the hearts became hypertrophic in response to aortic banding (AOB). Animals that underwent AOB (n = 22) were compared with animals that underwent sham surgery (n = 8). AOB induced severe LVH (cardiac MRI). LV function (ejection fraction and systolic thickening fraction) declined significantly, accompanied by deferent levels of pericardial effusion, and wall stress increased in aorta banded animals at week 1 after AOB, suggesting acute heart failure, which recovered by week 8 when concentric LVH restored LV wall stresses. Severe LV dysfunction was accompanied by corresponding declines in myocardial bioenergetics (phosphocreatine-to-ATP ratio) and in the rate of ATP production via creatine kinase at week 1. For the first time, the same linear relationships of the rate increase of the constants of the ATP hydrolysis rate (kATP→Pi) vs. the LV rate-pressure product increase during catecholamine stimulation were observed in vivo in both normal and LVH hearts. Collectively, these observations demonstrate that the double-saturation, phosphorous-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy- magnetization saturation transfer protocol can accurately monitor myocardial ATP hydrolysis rate in the hearts of living animals. The severe reduction of LV chamber function during the acute phase of AOB is accompanied by the decrease of myocardial bioenergetic efficiency, which recovers as the compensated LVH restores the LV wall stresses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H450-H458
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 the American Physiological Society.


  • Adenosine triphosphate
  • Heart failure
  • Left ventricle hypertrophy
  • MR spectroscopy


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