Mycotoxin contamination of commercially important agricultural commodities

K. R.N. Reddy, H. K. Abbas, C. A. Abel, W. T. Shier, C. A.F. Oliveira, C. R. Raghavender

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced by species of filamentous fungi growing on seeds before harvest or in storage. Mycotoxin contamination of agricultural commodities is a serious concern for human and animal health. The mycotoxins subject to government regulation are aflatoxins, fumonisins, ochratoxins, cyclopiazonic acid, deoxynivalenol/nivalenol, patulin, and zearalenone, which are produced by species of Aspergillus, Fusarium, and Penicillium, with aflatoxins and fumonisins arguably posing the greatest threat to human health worldwide. The frequency, magnitude, and causes of mycotoxin contamination of important agricultural commodities are reviewed here, as a first step in prioritizing mycotoxin problems for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-168
Number of pages15
JournalToxin Reviews
Volume28
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 22 2009

Keywords

  • Agricultural commodities
  • Fungi
  • Mycotoxins

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