Mutagenic synergism detected between dimethyl sulfate and X-rays but not found between N-methyl-N-nitrosourea and X-rays in the stamen hairs of Tradescantia clone BNL 4430

Naoko Shima, Sadao Ichikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mutagenic interactions with X-rays of two monofunctional alkylating agents, dimethyl sulfate (DMS) and N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU), were studied in the stamen hairs of Tradescantia clone BNL 4430, a blue/pink heterozygote. The young inflorescence-bearing shoots with roots cultivated in the nutrient solution circulating growth chamber were used as tester plants. Synergism between two different mutagens was judged to have occurred when the mutation frequency observed after applying the two mutagens concurrently was statistically significantly higher than the mutation frequency expected from the additive effects of the two mutagens. Clear synergistic effects in inducing somatic pink mutations were detected with all combinations of doses of DMS and X-rays examined, even in a relatively low X-ray dose range (down to 299 mGy), resembling those confirmed earlier between ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) and X-rays, but somewhat differing from the synergisms observed earlier between methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) and X-rays. On the other hand, no mutagenic synergism was detected between MNU and X-rays, even in a relatively high X-ray dose range (up to 862 mGy). The presence or absence of mutagenic synergisms of these alkylating agents with X-rays could be related to the action mechanism of each alkylating agent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-87
Number of pages9
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Volume331
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1995

Keywords

  • Dimethyl sulphate
  • Mutagenic synergism
  • N-Methyl-N-nitrosourea
  • Tradescantia stamen hairs
  • X-rays

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