Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) glycoproteins H and L (gH and gL) are required for virus-induced membrane fusion. Expression of gH at the virion or infected cell surface is mediated by the chaperone-like activity of gL. We have previously shown that a region between amino acids 155 and 161 is critical for gL chaperone-like activity. Here, we conducted Ala substitution mutagenesis of residues in this region and found that substitution of Cys160, Arg156, Arg158, or Arg156/158/159 with Ala resulted in a gL mutant that bound gH but displayed a reduced ability in gH trafficking and membrane fusion. Substitution of Arg156 with another positively charged amino acid, Lys, restored function. Substitution of Arg158 with Lys restored function in gH trafficking and cell fusion but not virus entry. These results indicate that an arginine-rich region of gL is critical for function.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank P. Spear, G. Cohen, R. Eisenberg, P. Pertel for the reagents and Ravi Subramanian and Cheryl Jogger for the critical reading of the manuscript. This investigation was funded by the National Institutes of Health grant no. AI51476.
- Herpes simplex virus
- Virus entry