The charts of twenty-nine patients who had undergoine thirty musculocutaneous neurectomies for acquired spasticity of the elbow in a non-functional upper extremity were reviewed. The most common causes of the spasticity were cerebrovascular accident (59%) and head injury (24%). The aims of the operation were to increase the patient's capacity for self-care and to improve ambulation, personal hygiene, and appearance. Patients who had 30-degree flexion contractures preoperatively did not require a cast postoperatively; those who had 30 to 75-degree flexion contractures preoperatively required a cast postoperatively; and patients who had flexion contractures of more than 75 degrees preoperatively required a concomitant release of soft tissue in the elbow and application of a cast postoperatively. One patient who was operated on to improve appearance had no active elbow flexion postoperatively and was regarded as having a poor result. Musculocutaneous neurectomy is a safe, reliable procedure for treating the spastic elbow in the non-functional upper extremity.