Muon beam experiments to probe the dark sector

Chien Yi Chen, Maxim Pospelov, Yi Ming Zhong

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38 Scopus citations

Abstract

A persistence of several anomalies in muon physics, such as the muon anomalous magnetic moment and the muonic hydrogen Lamb shift, hints at new light particles beyond the Standard Model. We address a subset of these models that have a new light scalar state with sizable couplings to muons and suppressed couplings to electrons. A novel way to search for such particles would be through muon beam-dump experiments by (1) missing momentum searches; (2) searches for decays with displaced vertices. The muon beams available at CERN and Fermilab present attractive opportunities for exploring the new scalar with a mass below the dimuon threshold, and potentially covering a range of relevant candidate models. For the models considered in this paper, both types of signals, muon missing momentum and anomalous energy deposition at a distance, can probe a substantial fraction of the unexplored parameter space of the new light scalar, including a region that can explain the muon anomalous magnetic moment discrepancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number115005
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume95
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work of C.-Y.C and M.P. is supported by NSERC, Canada. Research at the Perimeter Institute is supported in part by the Government of Canada through NSERC and by the Province of Ontario through MEDT. Y.Z. is supported through DoE Grant No. DE-SC0015845.

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