Multiwavelength follow-up of a rare IceCube neutrino multiplet

M. G. Aartsen, M. Ackermann, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, M. Ahrens, I. Al Samarai, D. Altmann, K. Andeen, T. Anderson, I. Ansseau, G. Anton, M. Archinger, C. Argüelles, J. Auffenberg, S. Axani, X. Bai, S. W. Barwick, V. Baum, R. BayJ. J. Beatty, J. Becker Tjus, K. H. Becker, S. Benzvi, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, A. Bernhard, D. Z. Besson, G. Binder, D. Bindig, E. Blaufuss, S. Blot, C. Bohm, M. Börner, F. Bos, D. Bose, S. Böser, O. Botner, J. Braun, L. Brayeur, H. P. Bretz, S. Bron, A. Burgman, T. Carver, M. Casier, E. Cheung, D. Chirkin, A. Christov, K. Clark, L. Classen, S. Coenders, G. H. Collin, J. M. Conrad, D. F. Cowen, R. Cross, M. Day, J. P.A.M. De André, C. De Clercq, E. Del Pino Rosendo, H. Dembinski, S. De Ridder, P. Desiati, K. D. De Vries, G. De Wasseige, M. De With, T. Deyoung, V. Di Lorenzo, H. Dujmovic, J. P. Dumm, M. Dunkman, B. Eberhardt, T. Ehrhardt, B. Eichmann, P. Eller, S. Euler, P. A. Evenson, S. Fahey, A. R. Fazely, J. Feintzeig, J. Felde, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, S. Flis, C. C. Fösig, A. Franckowiak, E. Friedman, T. Fuchs, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, L. Gerhardt, K. Ghorbani, W. Giang, L. Gladstone, T. Glauch, T. Glüsenkamp, A. Goldschmidt, J. G. Gonzalez, D. Grant, Z. Griffith, C. Haack, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, E. Hansen, T. Hansmann, K. Hanson, D. Hebecker, D. Heereman, K. Helbing, R. Hellauer, S. Hickford, J. Hignight, G. C. Hill, K. D. Hoffman, R. Hoffmann, K. Hoshina, F. Huang, M. Huber, K. Hultqvist, S. In, A. Ishihara, E. Jacobi, G. S. Japaridze, M. Jeong, K. Jero, B. J.P. Jones, W. Kang, A. Kappes, T. Karg, A. Karle, U. Katz, M. Kauer, A. Keivani, J. L. Kelley, A. Kheirandish, J. Kim, M. Kim, T. Kintscher, J. Kiryluk, T. Kittler, S. R. Klein, G. Kohnen, R. Koirala, H. Kolanoski, R. Konietz, L. Köpke, C. Kopper, S. Kopper, D. J. Koskinen, M. Kowalski, K. Krings, M. Kroll, G. Krückl, C. Krüger, J. Kunnen, S. Kunwar, N. Kurahashi, T. Kuwabara, A. Kyriacou, M. Labare, J. L. Lanfranchi, M. J. Larson, F. Lauber, M. Lesiak-Bzdak, M. Leuermann, L. Lu, J. Lünemann, J. Madsen, G. Maggi, K. B.M. Mahn, S. Mancina, M. Mandelartz, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, R. Maunu, F. McNally, K. Meagher, M. Medici, M. Meier, T. Menne, G. Merino, T. Meures, S. Miarecki, J. Micallef, G. Momenté, T. Montaruli, M. Moulai, R. Nahnhauer, U. Naumann, G. Neer, H. Niederhausen, S. C. Nowicki, D. R. Nygren, A. Obertacke Pollmann, A. Olivas, A. O'Murchadha, T. Palczewski, H. Pandya, D. V. Pankova, P. Peiffer, O. Penek, J. A. Pepper, C. Pérez De Los Heros, D. Pieloth, E. Pinat, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, M. Quinnan, C. Raab, L. Rädel, M. Rameez, K. Rawlins, R. Reimann, B. Relethford, M. Relich, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Richman, B. Riedel, S. Robertson, M. Rongen, C. Rott, T. Ruhe, D. Ryckbosch, D. Rysewyk, L. Sabbatini, S. E. Sanchez Herrera, A. Sandrock, J. Sandroos, S. Sarkar, K. Satalecka, P. Schlunder, T. Schmidt, S. Schoenen, S. Schöneberg, L. Schumacher, D. Seckel, S. Seunarine, D. Soldin, M. Song, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, J. Stachurska, T. Stanev, A. Stasik, J. Stettner, A. Steuer, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, A. Stößl, R. Ström, N. L. Strotjohann, G. W. Sullivan, M. Sutherland, H. Taavola, I. Taboada, J. Tatar, F. Tenholt, S. Ter-Antonyan, A. Terliuk, G. Tešić, S. Tilav, P. A. Toale, M. N. Tobin, S. Toscano, D. Tosi, M. Tselengidou, C. F. Tung, A. Turcati, E. Unger, M. Usner, J. Vandenbroucke, N. Van Eijndhoven, S. Vanheule, M. Van Rossem, J. Van Santen, M. Vehring, M. Voge, E. Vogel, M. Vraeghe, C. Walck, A. Wallace, M. Wallraff, N. Wandkowsky, A. Waza, Ch Weaver, M. J. Weiss, C. Wendt, S. Westerhoff, B. J. Whelan, S. Wickmann, K. Wiebe, C. H. Wiebusch, L. Wille, D. R. Williams, L. Wills, M. Wolf, T. R. Wood, E. Woolsey, K. Woschnagg, D. L. Xu, X. W. Xu, Y. Xu, J. P. Yanez, G. Yodh, S. Yoshida, M. Zoll, K. Z. Stanek, B. J. Shappee, C. S. Kochanek, T. W.S. Holoien, J. L. Prieto, D. B. Fox, J. J. Delaunay, C. F. Turley, S. D. Barthelmy, A. Y. Lien, P. Mészáros, K. Murase, D. Kocevski, R. Buehler, M. Giomi, J. L. Racusin, A. Albert, R. Alfaro, C. Alvarez, J. D. Álvarez, R. Arceo, J. C. Arteaga-Velázquez, H. A. Ayala Solares, A. S. Barber, N. Baustista-Elivar, A. Becerril, E. Belmont-Moreno, A. Bernal, C. Brisbois, K. S. Caballero-Mora, T. Capistrán, A. Carramiñana, S. Casanova, M. Castillo, U. Cotti, S. Coutiño De León, E. De La Fuente, C. De León, R. Diaz Hernandez, J. C. Díaz-Vélez, B. L. Dingus, M. A. Duvernois, R. W. Ellsworth, K. Engel, D. W. Fiorino, N. Fraija, J. A. García-González, M. Gerhardt, A. González Muñoz, M. M. González, J. A. Goodman, Z. Hampel-Arias, J. P. Harding, S. Hernandez, C. M. Hui, P. Hüntemeyer, A. Iriarte, A. Jardin-Blicq, V. Joshi, S. Kaufmann, A. Lara, R. J. Lauer, W. H. Lee, D. Lennarz, H. León Vargas, J. T. Linnemann, G. Luis Raya, R. Luna-García, R. López-Coto, K. Malone, S. S. Marinelli, O. Martinez, I. Martinez-Castellanos, J. Martínez-Castro, H. Martínez-Huerta, J. A. Matthews, P. Miranda-Romagnoli, E. Moreno, M. Mostafá, L. Nellen, M. Newbold, M. U. Nisa, R. Noriega-Papaqui, R. Pelayo, J. Pretz, E. G. Pérez-Pérez, Z. Ren, C. D. Rho, C. Rivière, D. Rosa-González, M. Rosenberg, F. Salesa Greus, A. Sandoval, M. Schneider, H. Schoorlemmer, G. Sinnis, A. J. Smith, R. W. Springer, P. Surajbali, O. Tibolla, K. Tollefson, I. Torres, T. N. Ukwatta, L. Villaseñor, T. Weisgarber, I. G. Wisher, J. Wood, T. Yapici, A. Zepeda, H. Zhou, I. Arcavi, G. Hosseinzadeh, D. A. Howell, S. Valenti, C. McCully, V. M. Lipunov, E. S. Gorbovskoy, N. V. Tiurina, P. V. Balanutsa, A. S. Kuznetsov, V. G. Kornilov, V. Chazov, N. M. Budnev, O. A. Gress, K. I. Ivanov, A. G. Tlatov, R. Rebolo Lopez, M. Serra-Ricart, P. A. Evans, J. A. Kennea, N. Gehrels, J. P. Osborne, K. L. Page, A. U. Abeysekara, A. Archer, W. Benbow, R. Bird, T. Brantseg, V. Bugaev, J. V Cardenzana, M. P. Connolly, W. Cui, A. Falcone, Q. Feng, J. P. Finley, H. Fleischhack, L. Fortson, A. Furniss, S. Griffin, J. Grube, M. Hütten, O. Hervet, J. Holder, G. Hughes, T. B. Humensky, C. A. Johnson, P. Kaaret, P. Kar, N. Kelley-Hoskins, M. Kertzman, M. Krause, S. Kumar, M. J. Lang, T. T.Y. Lin, S. McArthur, P. Moriarty, R. Mukherjee, D. Nieto, R. A. Ong, A. N. Otte, M. Pohl, A. Popkow, E. Pueschel, J. Quinn, K. Ragan, P. T. Reynolds, G. T. Richards, E. Roache, C. Rulten, I. Sadeh, M. Santander, G. H. Sembroski, D. Staszak, S. Trépanier, J. Tyler, S. P. Wakely, A. Weinstein, P. Wilcox, A. Wilhelm, D. A. Williams, B. Zitzer, E. Bellm, Z. Cano, A. Gal-Yam, D. A. Kann, E. O. Ofek, M. Rigault, M. Soumagnac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

On February 17, 2016, the IceCube real-time neutrino search identified, for the first time, three muon neutrino candidates arriving within 100 s of one another, consistent with coming from the same point in the sky. Such a triplet is expected once every 13.7 years as a random coincidence of background events. However, considering the lifetime of the follow-up program the probability of detecting at least one triplet from atmospheric background is 32%. Follow-up observatories were notified in order to search for an electromagnetic counterpart. Observations were obtained by Swift's X-ray telescope, by ASAS-SN, LCO and MASTER at optical wavelengths, and by VERITAS in the very-high-energy gamma-ray regime. Moreover, the Swift BAT serendipitously observed the location 100 s after the first neutrino was detected, and data from the Fermi LAT and HAWC observatory were analyzed. We present details of the neutrino triplet and the follow-up observations. No likely electromagnetic counterpart was detected, and we discuss the implications of these constraints on candidate neutrino sources such as gamma-ray bursts, core-collapse supernovae and active galactic nucleus flares. This study illustrates the potential of and challenges for future follow-up campaigns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA115
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume607
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Fingerprint

neutrinos
observatory
Advanced Solid-State Array Spectroradiometer
fine structure
wavelength
observatories
electromagnetism
energy
gamma ray bursts
active galactic nuclei
flares
supernovae
sky
muons
gamma rays
telescopes
life (durability)
wavelengths
x rays
programme

Keywords

  • Astroparticle physics
  • Galaxies: active
  • Gamma-ray burst: general
  • Neutrinos
  • Supernovae: general
  • X-rays: bursts

Cite this

Aartsen, M. G., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J. A., Ahlers, M., Ahrens, M., ... Soumagnac, M. (2017). Multiwavelength follow-up of a rare IceCube neutrino multiplet. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 607, [A115]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201730620

Multiwavelength follow-up of a rare IceCube neutrino multiplet. / Aartsen, M. G.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Ahrens, M.; Al Samarai, I.; Altmann, D.; Andeen, K.; Anderson, T.; Ansseau, I.; Anton, G.; Archinger, M.; Argüelles, C.; Auffenberg, J.; Axani, S.; Bai, X.; Barwick, S. W.; Baum, V.; Bay, R.; Beatty, J. J.; Tjus, J. Becker; Becker, K. H.; Benzvi, S.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bernhard, A.; Besson, D. Z.; Binder, G.; Bindig, D.; Blaufuss, E.; Blot, S.; Bohm, C.; Börner, M.; Bos, F.; Bose, D.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Braun, J.; Brayeur, L.; Bretz, H. P.; Bron, S.; Burgman, A.; Carver, T.; Casier, M.; Cheung, E.; Chirkin, D.; Christov, A.; Clark, K.; Classen, L.; Coenders, S.; Collin, G. H.; Conrad, J. M.; Cowen, D. F.; Cross, R.; Day, M.; De André, J. P.A.M.; De Clercq, C.; Del Pino Rosendo, E.; Dembinski, H.; De Ridder, S.; Desiati, P.; De Vries, K. D.; De Wasseige, G.; De With, M.; Deyoung, T.; Di Lorenzo, V.; Dujmovic, H.; Dumm, J. P.; Dunkman, M.; Eberhardt, B.; Ehrhardt, T.; Eichmann, B.; Eller, P.; Euler, S.; Evenson, P. A.; Fahey, S.; Fazely, A. R.; Feintzeig, J.; Felde, J.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Flis, S.; Fösig, C. C.; Franckowiak, A.; Friedman, E.; Fuchs, T.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Gerhardt, L.; Ghorbani, K.; Giang, W.; Gladstone, L.; Glauch, T.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Gonzalez, J. G.; Grant, D.; Griffith, Z.; Haack, C.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Hansen, E.; Hansmann, T.; Hanson, K.; Hebecker, D.; Heereman, D.; Helbing, K.; Hellauer, R.; Hickford, S.; Hignight, J.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hoffmann, R.; Hoshina, K.; Huang, F.; Huber, M.; Hultqvist, K.; In, S.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobi, E.; Japaridze, G. S.; Jeong, M.; Jero, K.; Jones, B. J.P.; Kang, W.; Kappes, A.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Katz, U.; Kauer, M.; Keivani, A.; Kelley, J. L.; Kheirandish, A.; Kim, J.; Kim, M.; Kintscher, T.; Kiryluk, J.; Kittler, T.; Klein, S. R.; Kohnen, G.; Koirala, R.; Kolanoski, H.; Konietz, R.; Köpke, L.; Kopper, C.; Kopper, S.; Koskinen, D. J.; Kowalski, M.; Krings, K.; Kroll, M.; Krückl, G.; Krüger, C.; Kunnen, J.; Kunwar, S.; Kurahashi, N.; Kuwabara, T.; Kyriacou, A.; Labare, M.; Lanfranchi, J. L.; Larson, M. J.; Lauber, F.; Lesiak-Bzdak, M.; Leuermann, M.; Lu, L.; Lünemann, J.; Madsen, J.; Maggi, G.; Mahn, K. B.M.; Mancina, S.; Mandelartz, M.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Maunu, R.; McNally, F.; Meagher, K.; Medici, M.; Meier, M.; Menne, T.; Merino, G.; Meures, T.; Miarecki, S.; Micallef, J.; Momenté, G.; Montaruli, T.; Moulai, M.; Nahnhauer, R.; Naumann, U.; Neer, G.; Niederhausen, H.; Nowicki, S. C.; Nygren, D. R.; Obertacke Pollmann, A.; Olivas, A.; O'Murchadha, A.; Palczewski, T.; Pandya, H.; Pankova, D. V.; Peiffer, P.; Penek, O.; Pepper, J. A.; Pérez De Los Heros, C.; Pieloth, D.; Pinat, E.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Quinnan, M.; Raab, C.; Rädel, L.; Rameez, M.; Rawlins, K.; Reimann, R.; Relethford, B.; Relich, M.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Richman, M.; Riedel, B.; Robertson, S.; Rongen, M.; Rott, C.; Ruhe, T.; Ryckbosch, D.; Rysewyk, D.; Sabbatini, L.; Sanchez Herrera, S. E.; Sandrock, A.; Sandroos, J.; Sarkar, S.; Satalecka, K.; Schlunder, P.; Schmidt, T.; Schoenen, S.; Schöneberg, S.; Schumacher, L.; Seckel, D.; Seunarine, S.; Soldin, D.; Song, M.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stachurska, J.; Stanev, T.; Stasik, A.; Stettner, J.; Steuer, A.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stößl, A.; Ström, R.; Strotjohann, N. L.; Sullivan, G. W.; Sutherland, M.; Taavola, H.; Taboada, I.; Tatar, J.; Tenholt, F.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Terliuk, A.; Tešić, G.; Tilav, S.; Toale, P. A.; Tobin, M. N.; Toscano, S.; Tosi, D.; Tselengidou, M.; Tung, C. F.; Turcati, A.; Unger, E.; Usner, M.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Van Eijndhoven, N.; Vanheule, S.; Van Rossem, M.; Van Santen, J.; Vehring, M.; Voge, M.; Vogel, E.; Vraeghe, M.; Walck, C.; Wallace, A.; Wallraff, M.; Wandkowsky, N.; Waza, A.; Weaver, Ch; Weiss, M. J.; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Whelan, B. J.; Wickmann, S.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Wille, L.; Williams, D. R.; Wills, L.; Wolf, M.; Wood, T. R.; Woolsey, E.; Woschnagg, K.; Xu, D. L.; Xu, X. W.; Xu, Y.; Yanez, J. P.; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Zoll, M.; Stanek, K. Z.; Shappee, B. J.; Kochanek, C. S.; Holoien, T. W.S.; Prieto, J. L.; Fox, D. B.; Delaunay, J. J.; Turley, C. F.; Barthelmy, S. D.; Lien, A. Y.; Mészáros, P.; Murase, K.; Kocevski, D.; Buehler, R.; Giomi, M.; Racusin, J. L.; Albert, A.; Alfaro, R.; Alvarez, C.; Álvarez, J. D.; Arceo, R.; Arteaga-Velázquez, J. C.; Ayala Solares, H. A.; Barber, A. S.; Baustista-Elivar, N.; Becerril, A.; Belmont-Moreno, E.; Bernal, A.; Brisbois, C.; Caballero-Mora, K. S.; Capistrán, T.; Carramiñana, A.; Casanova, S.; Castillo, M.; Cotti, U.; Coutiño De León, S.; De La Fuente, E.; De León, C.; Diaz Hernandez, R.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Dingus, B. L.; Duvernois, M. A.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Engel, K.; Fiorino, D. W.; Fraija, N.; García-González, J. A.; Gerhardt, M.; González Muñoz, A.; González, M. M.; Goodman, J. A.; Hampel-Arias, Z.; Harding, J. P.; Hernandez, S.; Hui, C. M.; Hüntemeyer, P.; Iriarte, A.; Jardin-Blicq, A.; Joshi, V.; Kaufmann, S.; Lara, A.; Lauer, R. J.; Lee, W. H.; Lennarz, D.; León Vargas, H.; Linnemann, J. T.; Luis Raya, G.; Luna-García, R.; López-Coto, R.; Malone, K.; Marinelli, S. S.; Martinez, O.; Martinez-Castellanos, I.; Martínez-Castro, J.; Martínez-Huerta, H.; Matthews, J. A.; Miranda-Romagnoli, P.; Moreno, E.; Mostafá, M.; Nellen, L.; Newbold, M.; Nisa, M. U.; Noriega-Papaqui, R.; Pelayo, R.; Pretz, J.; Pérez-Pérez, E. G.; Ren, Z.; Rho, C. D.; Rivière, C.; Rosa-González, D.; Rosenberg, M.; Salesa Greus, F.; Sandoval, A.; Schneider, M.; Schoorlemmer, H.; Sinnis, G.; Smith, A. J.; Springer, R. W.; Surajbali, P.; Tibolla, O.; Tollefson, K.; Torres, I.; Ukwatta, T. N.; Villaseñor, L.; Weisgarber, T.; Wisher, I. G.; Wood, J.; Yapici, T.; Zepeda, A.; Zhou, H.; Arcavi, I.; Hosseinzadeh, G.; Howell, D. A.; Valenti, S.; McCully, C.; Lipunov, V. M.; Gorbovskoy, E. S.; Tiurina, N. V.; Balanutsa, P. V.; Kuznetsov, A. S.; Kornilov, V. G.; Chazov, V.; Budnev, N. M.; Gress, O. A.; Ivanov, K. I.; Tlatov, A. G.; Rebolo Lopez, R.; Serra-Ricart, M.; Evans, P. A.; Kennea, J. A.; Gehrels, N.; Osborne, J. P.; Page, K. L.; Abeysekara, A. U.; Archer, A.; Benbow, W.; Bird, R.; Brantseg, T.; Bugaev, V.; V Cardenzana, J.; Connolly, M. P.; Cui, W.; Falcone, A.; Feng, Q.; Finley, J. P.; Fleischhack, H.; Fortson, L.; Furniss, A.; Griffin, S.; Grube, J.; Hütten, M.; Hervet, O.; Holder, J.; Hughes, G.; Humensky, T. B.; Johnson, C. A.; Kaaret, P.; Kar, P.; Kelley-Hoskins, N.; Kertzman, M.; Krause, M.; Kumar, S.; Lang, M. J.; Lin, T. T.Y.; McArthur, S.; Moriarty, P.; Mukherjee, R.; Nieto, D.; Ong, R. A.; Otte, A. N.; Pohl, M.; Popkow, A.; Pueschel, E.; Quinn, J.; Ragan, K.; Reynolds, P. T.; Richards, G. T.; Roache, E.; Rulten, C.; Sadeh, I.; Santander, M.; Sembroski, G. H.; Staszak, D.; Trépanier, S.; Tyler, J.; Wakely, S. P.; Weinstein, A.; Wilcox, P.; Wilhelm, A.; Williams, D. A.; Zitzer, B.; Bellm, E.; Cano, Z.; Gal-Yam, A.; Kann, D. A.; Ofek, E. O.; Rigault, M.; Soumagnac, M.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 607, A115, 01.11.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aartsen, MG, Ackermann, M, Adams, J, Aguilar, JA, Ahlers, M, Ahrens, M, Al Samarai, I, Altmann, D, Andeen, K, Anderson, T, Ansseau, I, Anton, G, Archinger, M, Argüelles, C, Auffenberg, J, Axani, S, Bai, X, Barwick, SW, Baum, V, Bay, R, Beatty, JJ, Tjus, JB, Becker, KH, Benzvi, S, Berley, D, Bernardini, E, Bernhard, A, Besson, DZ, Binder, G, Bindig, D, Blaufuss, E, Blot, S, Bohm, C, Börner, M, Bos, F, Bose, D, Böser, S, Botner, O, Braun, J, Brayeur, L, Bretz, HP, Bron, S, Burgman, A, Carver, T, Casier, M, Cheung, E, Chirkin, D, Christov, A, Clark, K, Classen, L, Coenders, S, Collin, GH, Conrad, JM, Cowen, DF, Cross, R, Day, M, De André, JPAM, De Clercq, C, Del Pino Rosendo, E, Dembinski, H, De Ridder, S, Desiati, P, De Vries, KD, De Wasseige, G, De With, M, Deyoung, T, Di Lorenzo, V, Dujmovic, H, Dumm, JP, Dunkman, M, Eberhardt, B, Ehrhardt, T, Eichmann, B, Eller, P, Euler, S, Evenson, PA, Fahey, S, Fazely, AR, Feintzeig, J, Felde, J, Filimonov, K, Finley, C, Flis, S, Fösig, CC, Franckowiak, A, Friedman, E, Fuchs, T, Gaisser, TK, Gallagher, J, Gerhardt, L, Ghorbani, K, Giang, W, Gladstone, L, Glauch, T, Glüsenkamp, T, Goldschmidt, A, Gonzalez, JG, Grant, D, Griffith, Z, Haack, C, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Hansen, E, Hansmann, T, Hanson, K, Hebecker, D, Heereman, D, Helbing, K, Hellauer, R, Hickford, S, Hignight, J, Hill, GC, Hoffman, KD, Hoffmann, R, Hoshina, K, Huang, F, Huber, M, Hultqvist, K, In, S, Ishihara, A, Jacobi, E, Japaridze, GS, Jeong, M, Jero, K, Jones, BJP, Kang, W, Kappes, A, Karg, T, Karle, A, Katz, U, Kauer, M, Keivani, A, Kelley, JL, Kheirandish, A, Kim, J, Kim, M, Kintscher, T, Kiryluk, J, Kittler, T, Klein, SR, Kohnen, G, Koirala, R, Kolanoski, H, Konietz, R, Köpke, L, Kopper, C, Kopper, S, Koskinen, DJ, Kowalski, M, Krings, K, Kroll, M, Krückl, G, Krüger, C, Kunnen, J, Kunwar, S, Kurahashi, N, Kuwabara, T, Kyriacou, A, Labare, M, Lanfranchi, JL, Larson, MJ, Lauber, F, Lesiak-Bzdak, M, Leuermann, M, Lu, L, Lünemann, J, Madsen, J, Maggi, G, Mahn, KBM, Mancina, S, Mandelartz, M, Maruyama, R, Mase, K, Maunu, R, McNally, F, Meagher, K, Medici, M, Meier, M, Menne, T, Merino, G, Meures, T, Miarecki, S, Micallef, J, Momenté, G, Montaruli, T, Moulai, M, Nahnhauer, R, Naumann, U, Neer, G, Niederhausen, H, Nowicki, SC, Nygren, DR, Obertacke Pollmann, A, Olivas, A, O'Murchadha, A, Palczewski, T, Pandya, H, Pankova, DV, Peiffer, P, Penek, O, Pepper, JA, Pérez De Los Heros, C, Pieloth, D, Pinat, E, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Quinnan, M, Raab, C, Rädel, L, Rameez, M, Rawlins, K, Reimann, R, Relethford, B, Relich, M, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Richman, M, Riedel, B, Robertson, S, Rongen, M, Rott, C, Ruhe, T, Ryckbosch, D, Rysewyk, D, Sabbatini, L, Sanchez Herrera, SE, Sandrock, A, Sandroos, J, Sarkar, S, Satalecka, K, Schlunder, P, Schmidt, T, Schoenen, S, Schöneberg, S, Schumacher, L, Seckel, D, Seunarine, S, Soldin, D, Song, M, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Stachurska, J, Stanev, T, Stasik, A, Stettner, J, Steuer, A, Stezelberger, T, Stokstad, RG, Stößl, A, Ström, R, Strotjohann, NL, Sullivan, GW, Sutherland, M, Taavola, H, Taboada, I, Tatar, J, Tenholt, F, Ter-Antonyan, S, Terliuk, A, Tešić, G, Tilav, S, Toale, PA, Tobin, MN, Toscano, S, Tosi, D, Tselengidou, M, Tung, CF, Turcati, A, Unger, E, Usner, M, Vandenbroucke, J, Van Eijndhoven, N, Vanheule, S, Van Rossem, M, Van Santen, J, Vehring, M, Voge, M, Vogel, E, Vraeghe, M, Walck, C, Wallace, A, Wallraff, M, Wandkowsky, N, Waza, A, Weaver, C, Weiss, MJ, Wendt, C, Westerhoff, S, Whelan, BJ, Wickmann, S, Wiebe, K, Wiebusch, CH, Wille, L, Williams, DR, Wills, L, Wolf, M, Wood, TR, Woolsey, E, Woschnagg, K, Xu, DL, Xu, XW, Xu, Y, Yanez, JP, Yodh, G, Yoshida, S, Zoll, M, Stanek, KZ, Shappee, BJ, Kochanek, CS, Holoien, TWS, Prieto, JL, Fox, DB, Delaunay, JJ, Turley, CF, Barthelmy, SD, Lien, AY, Mészáros, P, Murase, K, Kocevski, D, Buehler, R, Giomi, M, Racusin, JL, Albert, A, Alfaro, R, Alvarez, C, Álvarez, JD, Arceo, R, Arteaga-Velázquez, JC, Ayala Solares, HA, Barber, AS, Baustista-Elivar, N, Becerril, A, Belmont-Moreno, E, Bernal, A, Brisbois, C, Caballero-Mora, KS, Capistrán, T, Carramiñana, A, Casanova, S, Castillo, M, Cotti, U, Coutiño De León, S, De La Fuente, E, De León, C, Diaz Hernandez, R, Díaz-Vélez, JC, Dingus, BL, Duvernois, MA, Ellsworth, RW, Engel, K, Fiorino, DW, Fraija, N, García-González, JA, Gerhardt, M, González Muñoz, A, González, MM, Goodman, JA, Hampel-Arias, Z, Harding, JP, Hernandez, S, Hui, CM, Hüntemeyer, P, Iriarte, A, Jardin-Blicq, A, Joshi, V, Kaufmann, S, Lara, A, Lauer, RJ, Lee, WH, Lennarz, D, León Vargas, H, Linnemann, JT, Luis Raya, G, Luna-García, R, López-Coto, R, Malone, K, Marinelli, SS, Martinez, O, Martinez-Castellanos, I, Martínez-Castro, J, Martínez-Huerta, H, Matthews, JA, Miranda-Romagnoli, P, Moreno, E, Mostafá, M, Nellen, L, Newbold, M, Nisa, MU, Noriega-Papaqui, R, Pelayo, R, Pretz, J, Pérez-Pérez, EG, Ren, Z, Rho, CD, Rivière, C, Rosa-González, D, Rosenberg, M, Salesa Greus, F, Sandoval, A, Schneider, M, Schoorlemmer, H, Sinnis, G, Smith, AJ, Springer, RW, Surajbali, P, Tibolla, O, Tollefson, K, Torres, I, Ukwatta, TN, Villaseñor, L, Weisgarber, T, Wisher, IG, Wood, J, Yapici, T, Zepeda, A, Zhou, H, Arcavi, I, Hosseinzadeh, G, Howell, DA, Valenti, S, McCully, C, Lipunov, VM, Gorbovskoy, ES, Tiurina, NV, Balanutsa, PV, Kuznetsov, AS, Kornilov, VG, Chazov, V, Budnev, NM, Gress, OA, Ivanov, KI, Tlatov, AG, Rebolo Lopez, R, Serra-Ricart, M, Evans, PA, Kennea, JA, Gehrels, N, Osborne, JP, Page, KL, Abeysekara, AU, Archer, A, Benbow, W, Bird, R, Brantseg, T, Bugaev, V, V Cardenzana, J, Connolly, MP, Cui, W, Falcone, A, Feng, Q, Finley, JP, Fleischhack, H, Fortson, L, Furniss, A, Griffin, S, Grube, J, Hütten, M, Hervet, O, Holder, J, Hughes, G, Humensky, TB, Johnson, CA, Kaaret, P, Kar, P, Kelley-Hoskins, N, Kertzman, M, Krause, M, Kumar, S, Lang, MJ, Lin, TTY, McArthur, S, Moriarty, P, Mukherjee, R, Nieto, D, Ong, RA, Otte, AN, Pohl, M, Popkow, A, Pueschel, E, Quinn, J, Ragan, K, Reynolds, PT, Richards, GT, Roache, E, Rulten, C, Sadeh, I, Santander, M, Sembroski, GH, Staszak, D, Trépanier, S, Tyler, J, Wakely, SP, Weinstein, A, Wilcox, P, Wilhelm, A, Williams, DA, Zitzer, B, Bellm, E, Cano, Z, Gal-Yam, A, Kann, DA, Ofek, EO, Rigault, M & Soumagnac, M 2017, 'Multiwavelength follow-up of a rare IceCube neutrino multiplet', Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 607, A115. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201730620
Aartsen MG, Ackermann M, Adams J, Aguilar JA, Ahlers M, Ahrens M et al. Multiwavelength follow-up of a rare IceCube neutrino multiplet. Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2017 Nov 1;607. A115. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201730620
Aartsen, M. G. ; Ackermann, M. ; Adams, J. ; Aguilar, J. A. ; Ahlers, M. ; Ahrens, M. ; Al Samarai, I. ; Altmann, D. ; Andeen, K. ; Anderson, T. ; Ansseau, I. ; Anton, G. ; Archinger, M. ; Argüelles, C. ; Auffenberg, J. ; Axani, S. ; Bai, X. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Baum, V. ; Bay, R. ; Beatty, J. J. ; Tjus, J. Becker ; Becker, K. H. ; Benzvi, S. ; Berley, D. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bernhard, A. ; Besson, D. Z. ; Binder, G. ; Bindig, D. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Blot, S. ; Bohm, C. ; Börner, M. ; Bos, F. ; Bose, D. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Braun, J. ; Brayeur, L. ; Bretz, H. P. ; Bron, S. ; Burgman, A. ; Carver, T. ; Casier, M. ; Cheung, E. ; Chirkin, D. ; Christov, A. ; Clark, K. ; Classen, L. ; Coenders, S. ; Collin, G. H. ; Conrad, J. M. ; Cowen, D. F. ; Cross, R. ; Day, M. ; De André, J. P.A.M. ; De Clercq, C. ; Del Pino Rosendo, E. ; Dembinski, H. ; De Ridder, S. ; Desiati, P. ; De Vries, K. D. ; De Wasseige, G. ; De With, M. ; Deyoung, T. ; Di Lorenzo, V. ; Dujmovic, H. ; Dumm, J. P. ; Dunkman, M. ; Eberhardt, B. ; Ehrhardt, T. ; Eichmann, B. ; Eller, P. ; Euler, S. ; Evenson, P. A. ; Fahey, S. ; Fazely, A. R. ; Feintzeig, J. ; Felde, J. ; Filimonov, K. ; Finley, C. ; Flis, S. ; Fösig, C. C. ; Franckowiak, A. ; Friedman, E. ; Fuchs, T. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gallagher, J. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Ghorbani, K. ; Giang, W. ; Gladstone, L. ; Glauch, T. ; Glüsenkamp, T. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Gonzalez, J. G. ; Grant, D. ; Griffith, Z. ; Haack, C. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Hansen, E. ; Hansmann, T. ; Hanson, K. ; Hebecker, D. ; Heereman, D. ; Helbing, K. ; Hellauer, R. ; Hickford, S. ; Hignight, J. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hoffman, K. D. ; Hoffmann, R. ; Hoshina, K. ; Huang, F. ; Huber, M. ; Hultqvist, K. ; In, S. ; Ishihara, A. ; Jacobi, E. ; Japaridze, G. S. ; Jeong, M. ; Jero, K. ; Jones, B. J.P. ; Kang, W. ; Kappes, A. ; Karg, T. ; Karle, A. ; Katz, U. ; Kauer, M. ; Keivani, A. ; Kelley, J. L. ; Kheirandish, A. ; Kim, J. ; Kim, M. ; Kintscher, T. ; Kiryluk, J. ; Kittler, T. ; Klein, S. R. ; Kohnen, G. ; Koirala, R. ; Kolanoski, H. ; Konietz, R. ; Köpke, L. ; Kopper, C. ; Kopper, S. ; Koskinen, D. J. ; Kowalski, M. ; Krings, K. ; Kroll, M. ; Krückl, G. ; Krüger, C. ; Kunnen, J. ; Kunwar, S. ; Kurahashi, N. ; Kuwabara, T. ; Kyriacou, A. ; Labare, M. ; Lanfranchi, J. L. ; Larson, M. J. ; Lauber, F. ; Lesiak-Bzdak, M. ; Leuermann, M. ; Lu, L. ; Lünemann, J. ; Madsen, J. ; Maggi, G. ; Mahn, K. B.M. ; Mancina, S. ; Mandelartz, M. ; Maruyama, R. ; Mase, K. ; Maunu, R. ; McNally, F. ; Meagher, K. ; Medici, M. ; Meier, M. ; Menne, T. ; Merino, G. ; Meures, T. ; Miarecki, S. ; Micallef, J. ; Momenté, G. ; Montaruli, T. ; Moulai, M. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Naumann, U. ; Neer, G. ; Niederhausen, H. ; Nowicki, S. C. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Obertacke Pollmann, A. ; Olivas, A. ; O'Murchadha, A. ; Palczewski, T. ; Pandya, H. ; Pankova, D. V. ; Peiffer, P. ; Penek, O. ; Pepper, J. A. ; Pérez De Los Heros, C. ; Pieloth, D. ; Pinat, E. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Quinnan, M. ; Raab, C. ; Rädel, L. ; Rameez, M. ; Rawlins, K. ; Reimann, R. ; Relethford, B. ; Relich, M. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Richman, M. ; Riedel, B. ; Robertson, S. ; Rongen, M. ; Rott, C. ; Ruhe, T. ; Ryckbosch, D. ; Rysewyk, D. ; Sabbatini, L. ; Sanchez Herrera, S. E. ; Sandrock, A. ; Sandroos, J. ; Sarkar, S. ; Satalecka, K. ; Schlunder, P. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schoenen, S. ; Schöneberg, S. ; Schumacher, L. ; Seckel, D. ; Seunarine, S. ; Soldin, D. ; Song, M. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Stachurska, J. ; Stanev, T. ; Stasik, A. ; Stettner, J. ; Steuer, A. ; Stezelberger, T. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Stößl, A. ; Ström, R. ; Strotjohann, N. L. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Sutherland, M. ; Taavola, H. ; Taboada, I. ; Tatar, J. ; Tenholt, F. ; Ter-Antonyan, S. ; Terliuk, A. ; Tešić, G. ; Tilav, S. ; Toale, P. A. ; Tobin, M. N. ; Toscano, S. ; Tosi, D. ; Tselengidou, M. ; Tung, C. F. ; Turcati, A. ; Unger, E. ; Usner, M. ; Vandenbroucke, J. ; Van Eijndhoven, N. ; Vanheule, S. ; Van Rossem, M. ; Van Santen, J. ; Vehring, M. ; Voge, M. ; Vogel, E. ; Vraeghe, M. ; Walck, C. ; Wallace, A. ; Wallraff, M. ; Wandkowsky, N. ; Waza, A. ; Weaver, Ch ; Weiss, M. J. ; Wendt, C. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Whelan, B. J. ; Wickmann, S. ; Wiebe, K. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Wille, L. ; Williams, D. R. ; Wills, L. ; Wolf, M. ; Wood, T. R. ; Woolsey, E. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Xu, D. L. ; Xu, X. W. ; Xu, Y. ; Yanez, J. P. ; Yodh, G. ; Yoshida, S. ; Zoll, M. ; Stanek, K. Z. ; Shappee, B. J. ; Kochanek, C. S. ; Holoien, T. W.S. ; Prieto, J. L. ; Fox, D. B. ; Delaunay, J. J. ; Turley, C. F. ; Barthelmy, S. D. ; Lien, A. Y. ; Mészáros, P. ; Murase, K. ; Kocevski, D. ; Buehler, R. ; Giomi, M. ; Racusin, J. L. ; Albert, A. ; Alfaro, R. ; Alvarez, C. ; Álvarez, J. D. ; Arceo, R. ; Arteaga-Velázquez, J. C. ; Ayala Solares, H. A. ; Barber, A. S. ; Baustista-Elivar, N. ; Becerril, A. ; Belmont-Moreno, E. ; Bernal, A. ; Brisbois, C. ; Caballero-Mora, K. S. ; Capistrán, T. ; Carramiñana, A. ; Casanova, S. ; Castillo, M. ; Cotti, U. ; Coutiño De León, S. ; De La Fuente, E. ; De León, C. ; Diaz Hernandez, R. ; Díaz-Vélez, J. C. ; Dingus, B. L. ; Duvernois, M. A. ; Ellsworth, R. W. ; Engel, K. ; Fiorino, D. W. ; Fraija, N. ; García-González, J. A. ; Gerhardt, M. ; González Muñoz, A. ; González, M. M. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Hampel-Arias, Z. ; Harding, J. P. ; Hernandez, S. ; Hui, C. M. ; Hüntemeyer, P. ; Iriarte, A. ; Jardin-Blicq, A. ; Joshi, V. ; Kaufmann, S. ; Lara, A. ; Lauer, R. J. ; Lee, W. H. ; Lennarz, D. ; León Vargas, H. ; Linnemann, J. T. ; Luis Raya, G. ; Luna-García, R. ; López-Coto, R. ; Malone, K. ; Marinelli, S. S. ; Martinez, O. ; Martinez-Castellanos, I. ; Martínez-Castro, J. ; Martínez-Huerta, H. ; Matthews, J. A. ; Miranda-Romagnoli, P. ; Moreno, E. ; Mostafá, M. ; Nellen, L. ; Newbold, M. ; Nisa, M. U. ; Noriega-Papaqui, R. ; Pelayo, R. ; Pretz, J. ; Pérez-Pérez, E. G. ; Ren, Z. ; Rho, C. D. ; Rivière, C. ; Rosa-González, D. ; Rosenberg, M. ; Salesa Greus, F. ; Sandoval, A. ; Schneider, M. ; Schoorlemmer, H. ; Sinnis, G. ; Smith, A. J. ; Springer, R. W. ; Surajbali, P. ; Tibolla, O. ; Tollefson, K. ; Torres, I. ; Ukwatta, T. N. ; Villaseñor, L. ; Weisgarber, T. ; Wisher, I. G. ; Wood, J. ; Yapici, T. ; Zepeda, A. ; Zhou, H. ; Arcavi, I. ; Hosseinzadeh, G. ; Howell, D. A. ; Valenti, S. ; McCully, C. ; Lipunov, V. M. ; Gorbovskoy, E. S. ; Tiurina, N. V. ; Balanutsa, P. V. ; Kuznetsov, A. S. ; Kornilov, V. G. ; Chazov, V. ; Budnev, N. M. ; Gress, O. A. ; Ivanov, K. I. ; Tlatov, A. G. ; Rebolo Lopez, R. ; Serra-Ricart, M. ; Evans, P. A. ; Kennea, J. A. ; Gehrels, N. ; Osborne, J. P. ; Page, K. L. ; Abeysekara, A. U. ; Archer, A. ; Benbow, W. ; Bird, R. ; Brantseg, T. ; Bugaev, V. ; V Cardenzana, J. ; Connolly, M. P. ; Cui, W. ; Falcone, A. ; Feng, Q. ; Finley, J. P. ; Fleischhack, H. ; Fortson, L. ; Furniss, A. ; Griffin, S. ; Grube, J. ; Hütten, M. ; Hervet, O. ; Holder, J. ; Hughes, G. ; Humensky, T. B. ; Johnson, C. A. ; Kaaret, P. ; Kar, P. ; Kelley-Hoskins, N. ; Kertzman, M. ; Krause, M. ; Kumar, S. ; Lang, M. J. ; Lin, T. T.Y. ; McArthur, S. ; Moriarty, P. ; Mukherjee, R. ; Nieto, D. ; Ong, R. A. ; Otte, A. N. ; Pohl, M. ; Popkow, A. ; Pueschel, E. ; Quinn, J. ; Ragan, K. ; Reynolds, P. T. ; Richards, G. T. ; Roache, E. ; Rulten, C. ; Sadeh, I. ; Santander, M. ; Sembroski, G. H. ; Staszak, D. ; Trépanier, S. ; Tyler, J. ; Wakely, S. P. ; Weinstein, A. ; Wilcox, P. ; Wilhelm, A. ; Williams, D. A. ; Zitzer, B. ; Bellm, E. ; Cano, Z. ; Gal-Yam, A. ; Kann, D. A. ; Ofek, E. O. ; Rigault, M. ; Soumagnac, M. / Multiwavelength follow-up of a rare IceCube neutrino multiplet. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2017 ; Vol. 607.
@article{410a48034f394e02abbd71548ba21d7f,
title = "Multiwavelength follow-up of a rare IceCube neutrino multiplet",
abstract = "On February 17, 2016, the IceCube real-time neutrino search identified, for the first time, three muon neutrino candidates arriving within 100 s of one another, consistent with coming from the same point in the sky. Such a triplet is expected once every 13.7 years as a random coincidence of background events. However, considering the lifetime of the follow-up program the probability of detecting at least one triplet from atmospheric background is 32{\%}. Follow-up observatories were notified in order to search for an electromagnetic counterpart. Observations were obtained by Swift's X-ray telescope, by ASAS-SN, LCO and MASTER at optical wavelengths, and by VERITAS in the very-high-energy gamma-ray regime. Moreover, the Swift BAT serendipitously observed the location 100 s after the first neutrino was detected, and data from the Fermi LAT and HAWC observatory were analyzed. We present details of the neutrino triplet and the follow-up observations. No likely electromagnetic counterpart was detected, and we discuss the implications of these constraints on candidate neutrino sources such as gamma-ray bursts, core-collapse supernovae and active galactic nucleus flares. This study illustrates the potential of and challenges for future follow-up campaigns.",
keywords = "Astroparticle physics, Galaxies: active, Gamma-ray burst: general, Neutrinos, Supernovae: general, X-rays: bursts",
author = "Aartsen, {M. G.} and M. Ackermann and J. Adams and Aguilar, {J. A.} and M. Ahlers and M. Ahrens and {Al Samarai}, I. and D. Altmann and K. Andeen and T. Anderson and I. Ansseau and G. Anton and M. Archinger and C. Arg{\"u}elles and J. Auffenberg and S. Axani and X. Bai and Barwick, {S. W.} and V. Baum and R. Bay and Beatty, {J. J.} and Tjus, {J. Becker} and Becker, {K. H.} and S. Benzvi and D. Berley and E. Bernardini and A. Bernhard and Besson, {D. Z.} and G. Binder and D. Bindig and E. Blaufuss and S. Blot and C. Bohm and M. B{\"o}rner and F. Bos and D. Bose and S. B{\"o}ser and O. Botner and J. Braun and L. Brayeur and Bretz, {H. P.} and S. Bron and A. Burgman and T. Carver and M. Casier and E. Cheung and D. Chirkin and A. Christov and K. Clark and L. Classen and S. Coenders and Collin, {G. H.} and Conrad, {J. M.} and Cowen, {D. F.} and R. Cross and M. Day and {De Andr{\'e}}, {J. P.A.M.} and {De Clercq}, C. and {Del Pino Rosendo}, E. and H. Dembinski and {De Ridder}, S. and P. Desiati and {De Vries}, {K. D.} and {De Wasseige}, G. and {De With}, M. and T. Deyoung and {Di Lorenzo}, V. and H. Dujmovic and Dumm, {J. P.} and M. Dunkman and B. Eberhardt and T. Ehrhardt and B. Eichmann and P. Eller and S. Euler and Evenson, {P. A.} and S. Fahey and Fazely, {A. R.} and J. Feintzeig and J. Felde and K. Filimonov and C. Finley and S. Flis and F{\"o}sig, {C. C.} and A. Franckowiak and E. Friedman and T. Fuchs and Gaisser, {T. K.} and J. Gallagher and L. Gerhardt and K. Ghorbani and W. Giang and L. Gladstone and T. Glauch and T. Gl{\"u}senkamp and A. Goldschmidt and Gonzalez, {J. G.} and D. Grant and Z. Griffith and C. Haack and A. Hallgren and F. Halzen and E. Hansen and T. Hansmann and K. Hanson and D. Hebecker and D. Heereman and K. Helbing and R. Hellauer and S. Hickford and J. Hignight and Hill, {G. C.} and Hoffman, {K. D.} and R. Hoffmann and K. Hoshina and F. Huang and M. Huber and K. Hultqvist and S. In and A. Ishihara and E. Jacobi and Japaridze, {G. S.} and M. Jeong and K. Jero and Jones, {B. J.P.} and W. Kang and A. Kappes and T. Karg and A. Karle and U. Katz and M. Kauer and A. Keivani and Kelley, {J. L.} and A. Kheirandish and J. Kim and M. Kim and T. Kintscher and J. Kiryluk and T. Kittler and Klein, {S. R.} and G. Kohnen and R. Koirala and H. Kolanoski and R. Konietz and L. K{\"o}pke and C. Kopper and S. Kopper and Koskinen, {D. J.} and M. Kowalski and K. Krings and M. Kroll and G. Kr{\"u}ckl and C. Kr{\"u}ger and J. Kunnen and S. Kunwar and N. Kurahashi and T. Kuwabara and A. Kyriacou and M. Labare and Lanfranchi, {J. L.} and Larson, {M. J.} and F. Lauber and M. Lesiak-Bzdak and M. Leuermann and L. Lu and J. L{\"u}nemann and J. Madsen and G. Maggi and Mahn, {K. B.M.} and S. Mancina and M. Mandelartz and R. Maruyama and K. Mase and R. Maunu and F. McNally and K. Meagher and M. Medici and M. Meier and T. Menne and G. Merino and T. Meures and S. Miarecki and J. Micallef and G. Moment{\'e} and T. Montaruli and M. Moulai and R. Nahnhauer and U. Naumann and G. Neer and H. Niederhausen and Nowicki, {S. C.} and Nygren, {D. R.} and {Obertacke Pollmann}, A. and A. Olivas and A. O'Murchadha and T. Palczewski and H. Pandya and Pankova, {D. V.} and P. Peiffer and O. Penek and Pepper, {J. A.} and {P{\'e}rez De Los Heros}, C. and D. Pieloth and E. Pinat and Price, {P. B.} and Przybylski, {G. T.} and M. Quinnan and C. Raab and L. R{\"a}del and M. Rameez and K. Rawlins and R. Reimann and B. Relethford and M. Relich and E. Resconi and W. Rhode and M. Richman and B. Riedel and S. Robertson and M. Rongen and C. Rott and T. Ruhe and D. Ryckbosch and D. Rysewyk and L. Sabbatini and {Sanchez Herrera}, {S. E.} and A. Sandrock and J. Sandroos and S. Sarkar and K. Satalecka and P. Schlunder and T. Schmidt and S. Schoenen and S. Sch{\"o}neberg and L. Schumacher and D. Seckel and S. Seunarine and D. Soldin and M. Song and Spiczak, {G. M.} and C. Spiering and J. Stachurska and T. Stanev and A. Stasik and J. Stettner and A. Steuer and T. Stezelberger and Stokstad, {R. G.} and A. St{\"o}{\ss}l and R. Str{\"o}m and Strotjohann, {N. L.} and Sullivan, {G. W.} and M. Sutherland and H. Taavola and I. Taboada and J. Tatar and F. Tenholt and S. Ter-Antonyan and A. Terliuk and G. Tešić and S. Tilav and Toale, {P. A.} and Tobin, {M. N.} and S. Toscano and D. Tosi and M. Tselengidou and Tung, {C. F.} and A. Turcati and E. Unger and M. Usner and J. Vandenbroucke and {Van Eijndhoven}, N. and S. Vanheule and {Van Rossem}, M. and {Van Santen}, J. and M. Vehring and M. Voge and E. Vogel and M. Vraeghe and C. Walck and A. Wallace and M. Wallraff and N. Wandkowsky and A. Waza and Ch Weaver and Weiss, {M. J.} and C. Wendt and S. Westerhoff and Whelan, {B. J.} and S. Wickmann and K. Wiebe and Wiebusch, {C. H.} and L. Wille and Williams, {D. R.} and L. Wills and M. Wolf and Wood, {T. R.} and E. Woolsey and K. Woschnagg and Xu, {D. L.} and Xu, {X. W.} and Y. Xu and Yanez, {J. P.} and G. Yodh and S. Yoshida and M. Zoll and Stanek, {K. Z.} and Shappee, {B. J.} and Kochanek, {C. S.} and Holoien, {T. W.S.} and Prieto, {J. L.} and Fox, {D. B.} and Delaunay, {J. J.} and Turley, {C. F.} and Barthelmy, {S. D.} and Lien, {A. Y.} and P. M{\'e}sz{\'a}ros and K. Murase and D. Kocevski and R. Buehler and M. Giomi and Racusin, {J. L.} and A. Albert and R. Alfaro and C. Alvarez and {\'A}lvarez, {J. D.} and R. Arceo and Arteaga-Vel{\'a}zquez, {J. C.} and {Ayala Solares}, {H. A.} and Barber, {A. S.} and N. Baustista-Elivar and A. Becerril and E. Belmont-Moreno and A. Bernal and C. Brisbois and Caballero-Mora, {K. S.} and T. Capistr{\'a}n and A. Carrami{\~n}ana and S. Casanova and M. Castillo and U. Cotti and {Couti{\~n}o De Le{\'o}n}, S. and {De La Fuente}, E. and {De Le{\'o}n}, C. and {Diaz Hernandez}, R. and D{\'i}az-V{\'e}lez, {J. C.} and Dingus, {B. L.} and Duvernois, {M. A.} and Ellsworth, {R. W.} and K. Engel and Fiorino, {D. W.} and N. Fraija and Garc{\'i}a-Gonz{\'a}lez, {J. A.} and M. Gerhardt and {Gonz{\'a}lez Mu{\~n}oz}, A. and Gonz{\'a}lez, {M. M.} and Goodman, {J. A.} and Z. Hampel-Arias and Harding, {J. P.} and S. Hernandez and Hui, {C. M.} and P. H{\"u}ntemeyer and A. Iriarte and A. Jardin-Blicq and V. Joshi and S. Kaufmann and A. Lara and Lauer, {R. J.} and Lee, {W. H.} and D. Lennarz and {Le{\'o}n Vargas}, H. and Linnemann, {J. T.} and {Luis Raya}, G. and R. Luna-Garc{\'i}a and R. L{\'o}pez-Coto and K. Malone and Marinelli, {S. S.} and O. Martinez and I. Martinez-Castellanos and J. Mart{\'i}nez-Castro and H. Mart{\'i}nez-Huerta and Matthews, {J. A.} and P. Miranda-Romagnoli and E. Moreno and M. Mostaf{\'a} and L. Nellen and M. Newbold and Nisa, {M. U.} and R. Noriega-Papaqui and R. Pelayo and J. Pretz and P{\'e}rez-P{\'e}rez, {E. G.} and Z. Ren and Rho, {C. D.} and C. Rivi{\`e}re and D. Rosa-Gonz{\'a}lez and M. Rosenberg and {Salesa Greus}, F. and A. Sandoval and M. Schneider and H. Schoorlemmer and G. Sinnis and Smith, {A. J.} and Springer, {R. W.} and P. Surajbali and O. Tibolla and K. Tollefson and I. Torres and Ukwatta, {T. N.} and L. Villase{\~n}or and T. Weisgarber and Wisher, {I. G.} and J. Wood and T. Yapici and A. Zepeda and H. Zhou and I. Arcavi and G. Hosseinzadeh and Howell, {D. A.} and S. Valenti and C. McCully and Lipunov, {V. M.} and Gorbovskoy, {E. S.} and Tiurina, {N. V.} and Balanutsa, {P. V.} and Kuznetsov, {A. S.} and Kornilov, {V. G.} and V. Chazov and Budnev, {N. M.} and Gress, {O. A.} and Ivanov, {K. I.} and Tlatov, {A. G.} and {Rebolo Lopez}, R. and M. Serra-Ricart and Evans, {P. A.} and Kennea, {J. A.} and N. Gehrels and Osborne, {J. P.} and Page, {K. L.} and Abeysekara, {A. U.} and A. Archer and W. Benbow and R. Bird and T. Brantseg and V. Bugaev and {V Cardenzana}, J. and Connolly, {M. P.} and W. Cui and A. Falcone and Q. Feng and Finley, {J. P.} and H. Fleischhack and L. Fortson and A. Furniss and S. Griffin and J. Grube and M. H{\"u}tten and O. Hervet and J. Holder and G. Hughes and Humensky, {T. B.} and Johnson, {C. A.} and P. Kaaret and P. Kar and N. Kelley-Hoskins and M. Kertzman and M. Krause and S. Kumar and Lang, {M. J.} and Lin, {T. T.Y.} and S. McArthur and P. Moriarty and R. Mukherjee and D. Nieto and Ong, {R. A.} and Otte, {A. N.} and M. Pohl and A. Popkow and E. Pueschel and J. Quinn and K. Ragan and Reynolds, {P. T.} and Richards, {G. T.} and E. Roache and C. Rulten and I. Sadeh and M. Santander and Sembroski, {G. H.} and D. Staszak and S. Tr{\'e}panier and J. Tyler and Wakely, {S. P.} and A. Weinstein and P. Wilcox and A. Wilhelm and Williams, {D. A.} and B. Zitzer and E. Bellm and Z. Cano and A. Gal-Yam and Kann, {D. A.} and Ofek, {E. O.} and M. Rigault and M. Soumagnac",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1051/0004-6361/201730620",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "607",
journal = "Astronomy and Astrophysics",
issn = "0004-6361",
publisher = "EDP Sciences",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multiwavelength follow-up of a rare IceCube neutrino multiplet

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AU - Ragan, K.

AU - Reynolds, P. T.

AU - Richards, G. T.

AU - Roache, E.

AU - Rulten, C.

AU - Sadeh, I.

AU - Santander, M.

AU - Sembroski, G. H.

AU - Staszak, D.

AU - Trépanier, S.

AU - Tyler, J.

AU - Wakely, S. P.

AU - Weinstein, A.

AU - Wilcox, P.

AU - Wilhelm, A.

AU - Williams, D. A.

AU - Zitzer, B.

AU - Bellm, E.

AU - Cano, Z.

AU - Gal-Yam, A.

AU - Kann, D. A.

AU - Ofek, E. O.

AU - Rigault, M.

AU - Soumagnac, M.

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - On February 17, 2016, the IceCube real-time neutrino search identified, for the first time, three muon neutrino candidates arriving within 100 s of one another, consistent with coming from the same point in the sky. Such a triplet is expected once every 13.7 years as a random coincidence of background events. However, considering the lifetime of the follow-up program the probability of detecting at least one triplet from atmospheric background is 32%. Follow-up observatories were notified in order to search for an electromagnetic counterpart. Observations were obtained by Swift's X-ray telescope, by ASAS-SN, LCO and MASTER at optical wavelengths, and by VERITAS in the very-high-energy gamma-ray regime. Moreover, the Swift BAT serendipitously observed the location 100 s after the first neutrino was detected, and data from the Fermi LAT and HAWC observatory were analyzed. We present details of the neutrino triplet and the follow-up observations. No likely electromagnetic counterpart was detected, and we discuss the implications of these constraints on candidate neutrino sources such as gamma-ray bursts, core-collapse supernovae and active galactic nucleus flares. This study illustrates the potential of and challenges for future follow-up campaigns.

AB - On February 17, 2016, the IceCube real-time neutrino search identified, for the first time, three muon neutrino candidates arriving within 100 s of one another, consistent with coming from the same point in the sky. Such a triplet is expected once every 13.7 years as a random coincidence of background events. However, considering the lifetime of the follow-up program the probability of detecting at least one triplet from atmospheric background is 32%. Follow-up observatories were notified in order to search for an electromagnetic counterpart. Observations were obtained by Swift's X-ray telescope, by ASAS-SN, LCO and MASTER at optical wavelengths, and by VERITAS in the very-high-energy gamma-ray regime. Moreover, the Swift BAT serendipitously observed the location 100 s after the first neutrino was detected, and data from the Fermi LAT and HAWC observatory were analyzed. We present details of the neutrino triplet and the follow-up observations. No likely electromagnetic counterpart was detected, and we discuss the implications of these constraints on candidate neutrino sources such as gamma-ray bursts, core-collapse supernovae and active galactic nucleus flares. This study illustrates the potential of and challenges for future follow-up campaigns.

KW - Astroparticle physics

KW - Galaxies: active

KW - Gamma-ray burst: general

KW - Neutrinos

KW - Supernovae: general

KW - X-rays: bursts

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85035107551&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85035107551&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1051/0004-6361/201730620

DO - 10.1051/0004-6361/201730620

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85035107551

VL - 607

JO - Astronomy and Astrophysics

JF - Astronomy and Astrophysics

SN - 0004-6361

M1 - A115

ER -