Multivariate curve resolution analysis for interpretation of dynamic Cu k-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy spectra for a Cu doped V2O 5 lithium battery

Paolo Conti, Silvia Zamponi, Marco Giorgetti, Mario Berrettoni, William H. Smyrl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vanadium pentoxide materials prepared through sol-gel processes act as excellent intercalation hosts for lithium as well as polyvalent cations. A chemometric approach has been applied to study the X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) evolution during in situ scanning of the Cu 0.1V2O5 xerogel/Li ions battery. Among the more common techniques, the fixed size windows evolving factor analysis (FSWEFA) permits the number of species involved in the experiment to be determined and the range of existence of each of them. This result, combined with the constraints of the invariance of the total concentration and non-negativity of both concentrations and spectra, enabled us to obtain the spectra of the pure components using a multivariate curve resolution refined by an alternate least squares fitting procedure. This allowed the normalized concentration profile to be understood. This data treatment evidenced the occurrence, for the first time, of three species during the battery charging. This fact finds confirmation by comparison of the pure spectra with the experimental ones. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis confirms the occurrence of three different chemical environments of Cu during battery charging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3629-3635
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical chemistry
Volume82
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010

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