Multiple native-like conformations trapped via self-association-induced hydrophobic collapse of the 33-residue β-sheet domain from platelet factor 4

E. Ilyina, K. H. Mayo

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Abstract

Native platelet factor 4 (PF4) (70 residues) has a hydrophobic three-stranded anti-parallel P-sheet domain on to which is folded an amphipathic C-terminal α-helix and an aperiodic N-terminal domain. The 33-amino acid β-sheet domain from PF4 (residues 23-55) has been synthesized and studied by c.d. and n.m.r. At 10°C and low concentration, peptide 23-55 appears to exist in aqueous solution in a random-coil distribution of highly flexible conformational states. Some preferred conformation, however, is observed, particularly within a relatively stable chain reversal from Leu-45 to Arg-49. As the peptide concentration and/or temperature is increased, a new conformational state(s) appears and intensifies as slowly exchanging (600MHz 1H-n.m.r. chemical-shift time scale) random-coil resonances disappear. Hill plots of the concentration-dependence indicated mostly tetramer formation as found in native PF4. Although apparent resonance linewidths in aggregate state(s) are of the order of 100 Hz, sequence-specific assignments for most resonances could be made. N.m.r./nuclear Overhauser effect structural analysis indicates the formation of multiple native-like anti-parallel β-sheet conformations, kinetically trapped via sub unit-association-induced hydrophobic collapse and stabilized by low-dielectric electrostatic interactions among/between Gly-28 and Lys-50 in opposing subunits. Results are discussed in terms of protein folding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-419
Number of pages13
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume306
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

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