BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma (MM) in Hispanics has never been studied. We therefore sought to determine the clinical characteristics and overall survival in MM of Hispanics compared to non-Hispanic whites (NHW) and non-Hispanic blacks (NHB).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A single-center analysis of 939 patients diagnosed with MM from 2000 to 2017 with a large representation of NHB (n = 489), Hispanics (n = 281), and NHW (n = 169) was conducted to evaluate outcomes and disease characteristics. We used the Connect MM Registry, a large US multicenter prospective observational study with newly diagnosed MM patients, as a validation cohort.
RESULTS: Hispanics had a higher incidence of MM compared to NHW. The median age at presentation was 5 years younger (median, 65 years) in Hispanics compared to NHW (median, 70 years), and patients were more likely to present with renal dysfunction (estimated glomerular filtration rate < 30 mL/min). Hispanics had a higher proportion of Revised International Staging System (R-ISS) stage I disease compared to NHW and NHB (P = .03), while there was no difference in cytogenetics between Hispanics and NHB/NHW. In the multivariate analysis, only high-risk disease and response to first-line therapy significantly affected survival.
CONCLUSION: In this first and largest analysis of MM in Hispanics, we found that Hispanics present at a younger age, have a higher incidence of renal dysfunction, and have low R-ISS stage disease at presentation. With equal access to therapy, Hispanics have survival similar to NHW/NHB.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.
- African Americans
- Healthcare disparities
- Hispanic Americans
- Multiple myeloma
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article