This paper describes the development of a multidimensional model based on the Monte Carlo (MC) method for the modeling of laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) and amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) signals involved in multi-photon processes. Multi-photon LIF finds applications in a broad range of topics; however, the interpretation of the LIF signal is plagued by the nonlinear effects caused by the ASE. Past work focused on developing one-dimensional (1D) models. Therefore, this work developed an MC method to solve the governing equations of ASE and LIF in multidimension. The results were validated using existing 1D data, both experimental and modeling. The results suggest that past 1D models cause noticeable error in the ASE signal even when the measurement volume has a large aspect ratio. We expect this work to facilitate the ongoing research of multi-photon LIF, and to stimulate new experiments that can provide data to validate the model in 2D.
- Amplified spontaneous emission
- Laser-induced fluorescence
- Monte Carlo simulation