Multicultural mastery scale for youth: Multidimensional assessment of culturally mediated coping strategies

Carlotta Ching Ting Fok, James Allen, David Henry, Gerald V. Mohatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Self-mastery refers to problem-focused coping facilitated through personal agency. Communal mastery describes problem solving through an interwoven social network. This study investigates an adaptation of self-and communal mastery measures for youth. Given the important distinction between family and peers in the lives of youth, these adaptation efforts produced Mastery-Family and Mastery-Friends subscales, along with a Mastery-Self subscale. We tested these measures for psychometric properties and internal structure with 284 predominately Yup'ik Eskimo Alaska Native adolescents (12-to 18-year-olds) from rural, remote communities-a non-Western culturally distinct group hypothesized to display higher levels of collectivism and communal mastery. Results demonstrate a subset of items adapted for youth function satisfactorily, a 3-response alternative format provided meaningful information, and the subscale's underlying structure is best described through 3 distinct first-order factors organized under 1 higher order mastery factor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-327
Number of pages15
JournalPsychological assessment
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2012


  • American Indian and Alaska Native
  • Communal mastery
  • Coping
  • Psychometrics
  • Self-efficacy
  • Social network
  • mastery
  • measures


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