Purpose Little published data exist on the impact of urethral stricture surgery on urinary urgency. We evaluated urinary urgency and urge incontinence before and after anterior urethroplasty. Materials and Methods Male patients who underwent 1-stage anterior urethroplasty were retrospectively identified at 8 centers. Patients with preoperative and 2-month or greater postoperative subjective urinary urgency assessments were included in study. Patients who received anticholinergic medications preoperatively were excluded. Univariate and multivariate analysis was done to analyze the association of patient characteristics with preoperative and postoperative symptoms as well as improvement or worsening of symptoms after surgery. Results Symptom and followup data on urgency and urge incontinence were available in in 439 and 305 patients, respectively. Preoperatively 58% of the men reported urgency and 31% reported urge incontinence. Postoperatively this decreased to 40% of men for urgency and 12% for urge incontinence (each p <0.01). Of the men 37% reported improvement in urgency and 74% experienced improvement in urge incontinence. Few of those without preoperative symptoms showed worse symptoms, including urgency in 9% and urge incontinence in 5%. New urgency was more likely to develop in men with a higher body mass index (OR 1.09, p = 0.02). Men with stricture recurrence were less likely to show improvement in urgency (OR 0.24, p = 0.03). Older men were more likely to have new urge incontinence (OR 1.06, p = 0.01) and less likely to notice improvement in urge symptoms (OR 0.92, p <0.01). Conclusions The prevalence of urgency and urge incontinence in male patients with anterior urethral stricture is high. The majority of men experience symptom stability or improvement in urinary urge symptoms following anterior urethroplasty.
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© 2016 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.
Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- lower urinary tract symptoms
- urethral stricture
- urinary bladder
- urinary incontinence