Multi-section CT angiography for detection of cerebral aneurysms

Mehmet Teksam, Alexander McKinney, Sean Casey, Martin Asis, Stephen Kieffer, Charles L. Truwit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

115 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Multi-section CT has great potential for use in vascular studies. Our purpose was to determine the accuracy of multi-section CT angiography in detecting cerebral aneurysms compared with digital subtraction angiography or surgery. METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients who underwent multi-section CT angiography and either digital subtraction angiography or surgery were included in the study. Multi-section CT angiography and digital subtraction angiography results were evaluated independently by different neuroradiologists who performed aneurysm detection, quantitation, and characterization by using 2D multiplanar reconstructions, 3D maximum intensity projection, and volume-rendered techniques. RESULTS: When using intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography or surgery, 113 aneurysms (true positives and false negatives) were detected in 83 of the 100 patients. A total of 106 aneurysms (true positives) were confirmed by using digital subtraction angiography or surgery, or both. Seven aneurysms were missed when using multi-section CT angiography. Eight aneurysms were not confirmed by digital subtraction angiography and were considered to be false positive evaluations. The sensitivity for detecting aneurysms <4 mm, 4 to 10 mm, and >10 mm on a per-aneurysm basis was 0.84 (95% confidence interval: 0.72, 0.92), 0.97 (95% confidence interval: 0.91, 0.99), and 1.00 (95% confidence interval: 0.88, 1.00), respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of multi-section CT angiography for detecting aneurysms on a per-patient basis were 0.99 (95% confidence interval: 0.96, 1.00), 0.88 (95% confidence interval: 0.69, 0.94), and 0.98 (95% confidence interval: 0.95, 1.00), respectively. CONCLUSION: Multi-section CT angiography has a high sensitivity in detecting aneurysms (especially aneurysms >3 mm). However, CT angiography is currently not sensitive enough to replace digital subtraction angiography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1485-1492
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume25
Issue number9
StatePublished - Oct 1 2004

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