Objective To evaluate multi-institutional outcomes of bulbar urethroplasty utilizing a standardized cystoscopic follow-up protocol. Methods Eight reconstructive surgeons prospectively enrolled urethral stricture patients in a multi-institutional study and performed postoperative cystoscopy at 3 and 12 months. Anatomic failure was defined as the inability to pass a flexible cystoscope without force. Functional failure was defined as the need for a secondary procedure. Men not compliant with the 12-month cystoscopy were called and asked if any interval secondary procedures had been performed. Patients with bothersome voiding complaints at cystoscopy were considered symptomatic. Results Of 213 men in study, 136 underwent excisional urethroplasty (excision and primary anastomosis [EPA]) and 77 underwent repair with buccal grafts. Cystoscopy compliance was 79.8% at 3 months and 54.4% at 12 months. Anatomic success rates were higher at 3 vs 12 months for EPA repairs (97.2% [106 of 109] vs 85.5% [65 of 76; P =.003] but not buccal repairs (85.5% [53 of 62] vs 77.5% [31 of 40]; P =.30). Functional success rates at a year were higher but statistically similar to anatomical success rates (EPA - 90.3% [93 of 103]; P =.33; buccal - 87% [47 of 54]; P =.22). Of the 20 anatomic recurrences, only 13 (65%) were symptomatic at the time of cystoscopic diagnosis. Conclusion Rates of success are lower when using the anatomic vs traditional definition. Of recurrences found by cystoscopy, only 65% were symptomatic. One-year patient cystoscopy compliance was poor and its ability to be used as the gold standard screening methodology for recurrence is questionable.