Multi-ancestry sleep-by-SNP interaction analysis in 126,926 individuals reveals lipid loci stratified by sleep duration

Raymond Noordam, Maxime M. Bos, Heming Wang, Thomas W. Winkler, Amy R. Bentley, Tuomas O. Kilpeläinen, Paul S. de Vries, Yun Ju Sung, Karen Schwander, Brian E. Cade, Alisa Manning, Hugues Aschard, Michael R. Brown, Han Chen, Nora Franceschini, Solomon K. Musani, Melissa Richard, Dina Vojinovic, Stella Aslibekyan, Traci M. BartzLisa de las Fuentes, Mary Feitosa, Andrea R. Horimoto, Marjan Ilkov, Minjung Kho, Aldi Kraja, Changwei Li, Elise Lim, Yongmei Liu, Dennis O. Mook-Kanamori, Tuomo Rankinen, Salman M. Tajuddin, Ashley van der Spek, Zhe Wang, Jonathan Marten, Vincent Laville, Maris Alver, Evangelos Evangelou, Maria E. Graff, Meian He, Brigitte Kühnel, Leo Pekka Lyytikäinen, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Ilja M. Nolte, Nicholette D. Palmer, Rainer Rauramaa, Xiao Ou Shu, Harold Snieder, Stefan Weiss, Wanqing Wen, Lisa R. Yanek, Correa Adolfo, Christie Ballantyne, Larry Bielak, Nienke R. Biermasz, Eric Boerwinkle, Niki Dimou, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Chuan Gao, Sina A. Gharib, Daniel J. Gottlieb, José Haba-Rubio, Tamara B. Harris, Sami Heikkinen, Raphaël Heinzer, James E. Hixson, Georg Homuth, M. Arfan Ikram, Pirjo Komulainen, Jose E. Krieger, Jiwon Lee, Jingmin Liu, Kurt K. Lohman, Annemarie I. Luik, Reedik Mägi, Lisa W. Martin, Thomas Meitinger, Andres Metspalu, Yuri Milaneschi, Mike A. Nalls, Jeff O’Connell, Annette Peters, Patricia Peyser, Olli T. Raitakari, Alex P. Reiner, Patrick C.N. Rensen, Treva K. Rice, Stephen S. Rich, Till Roenneberg, Jerome I. Rotter, Pamela J. Schreiner, James Shikany, Stephen S. Sidney, Mario Sims, Colleen M. Sitlani, Tamar Sofer, Konstantin Strauch, Morris A. Swertz, Kent D. Taylor, André G. Uitterlinden, Cornelia M. van Duijn, Henry Völzke, Melanie Waldenberger, Robert B. Wallance, Ko Willems van Dijk, Caizheng Yu, Alan B. Zonderman, Diane M. Becker, Paul Elliott, Tõnu Esko, Christian Gieger, Hans J. Grabe, Timo A. Lakka, Terho Lehtimäki, Kari E. North, Brenda W.J.H. Penninx, Peter Vollenweider, Lynne E. Wagenknecht, Tangchun Wu, Yong Bing Xiang, Wei Zheng, Donna K. Arnett, Claude Bouchard, Michele K. Evans, Vilmundur Gudnason, Sharon Kardia, Tanika N. Kelly, Stephen B. Kritchevsky, Ruth J.F. Loos, Alexandre C. Pereira, Mike Province, Bruce M. Psaty, Charles Rotimi, Xiaofeng Zhu, Najaf Amin, L. Adrienne Cupples, Myriam Fornage, Ervin F. Fox, Xiuqing Guo, W. James Gauderman, Kenneth Rice, Charles Kooperberg, Patricia B. Munroe, Ching Ti Liu, Alanna C. Morrison, Dabeeru C. Rao, Diana van Heemst, Susan Redline

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Both short and long sleep are associated with an adverse lipid profile, likely through different biological pathways. To elucidate the biology of sleep-associated adverse lipid profile, we conduct multi-ancestry genome-wide sleep-SNP interaction analyses on three lipid traits (HDL-c, LDL-c and triglycerides). In the total study sample (discovery + replication) of 126,926 individuals from 5 different ancestry groups, when considering either long or short total sleep time interactions in joint analyses, we identify 49 previously unreported lipid loci, and 10 additional previously unreported lipid loci in a restricted sample of European-ancestry cohorts. In addition, we identify new gene-sleep interactions for known lipid loci such as LPL and PCSK9. The previously unreported lipid loci have a modest explained variance in lipid levels: most notable, gene-short-sleep interactions explain 4.25% of the variance in triglyceride level. Collectively, these findings contribute to our understanding of the biological mechanisms involved in sleep-associated adverse lipid profiles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5121
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
D.O.M.K. is a part-time research consultant for Metabolon, Inc. H.J.G. has received travel grants and speakers honoraria from Fresenius Medical Care, Neuraxpharm and Janssen Cilag. H.J.G. has received research funding from the German Research Foundation (DFG), the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), the DAMP Foundation, Fresenius Medical Care, the EU “Joint Programme Neurodegenerative Disorders (JPND) and the European Social Fund (ESF)”. S.A. reports employment and stock options with 23andMe, Inc.

Funding Information:
This project was supported by a grant from the US National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National Institutes of Health (R01HL118305). This research was supported in part by the Intramural Research Program of the National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health. Tuomas O. Kilpeläinen was supported by the Danish Council for Independent Research (DFF–6110-00183) and the Novo Nordisk Foundation (NNF18CC0034900, NNF17OC0026848 and NNF15CC0018486). Diana van Heemst was supported by the European Commission funded project HUMAN (Health-2013-INNOVATION-1-602757). Susan Redline was supported in part by NIH R35HL135818 and HL11338. Study-specific acknowledgements can be found in the Supplementary Notes 2 and 4. The data on coronary artery disease have been contributed by the Myocardial Infarction Genetics and CARDIoGRAM investigators, and have been downloaded from www.CARDIOGRAMPLUSC4D.ORG.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, The Author(s).


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