MTPA (Mosher) amides of cyclic secondary amines: Conformational aspects and a useful method for assignment of amine configuration

Thomas R Hoye, Matthew K. Renner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Mosher's MTPA (methoxy(trifluoromethyl)phenylacetyl) technology is a well-known tool used to determine the absolute configuration of chiral alcohols and primary amines. The technique now has been extended to include secondary amines. A number of MTPA amide derivatives have been prepared from cyclic amines. Both piperidines and pyrrolidines have been studied. A detailed discussion of the conformational issues associated with both amide bond rotation and ring flipping is presented. The observed 1H NMR chemical shifts are correlated into a model that allows unambiguous determination of absolute configuration of cyclic secondary amines. While the presence of amide rotamers must be accounted for in the analysis, this is a relatively straightforward process that follows from detailed evaluation of coupling constant data and is often aided by COSY. The exceptionally large Δδ values observed for these MTPA amides make this a valuable and reliable method for assigning amine configuration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2056-2064
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume61
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996

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