Moving evidence-based drug abuse prevention programs from basic science to practice: "Bridging the efficacy-effectiveness interface"

Gerald August, Ken C Winters, George M Realmuto, Ralph Tarter, Cheryl Perry, Joel M. Hektner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article examines the challenges faced by developers of youth drug abuse prevention programs in transporting scientifically proven or evidence-based programs into natural community practice systems. Models for research on the transfer of prevention technology are described with specific emphasis given to the relationship between efficacy and effectiveness studies. Barriers that impede the successful integration of efficacy methods within effectiveness studies (e.g., client factors, practitioner factors, intervention structure characteristics, and environmental and organizational factors) are discussed. We present a modified model for program development and evaluation that includes a new type of research design, the hybrid efficacy-effectiveness study that addresses program transportability. The utility of the hybrid study is illustrated in the evaluation of the Early Risers "Skills for Success" prevention program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2017-2053
Number of pages37
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume39
Issue number10-12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 7 2004

Keywords

  • Cultural sensitivity
  • Effectiveness studies
  • Efficacy
  • Program ownership
  • Program transportability
  • Stakeholders
  • Transfer of technology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Moving evidence-based drug abuse prevention programs from basic science to practice: "Bridging the efficacy-effectiveness interface"'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this