Moving cultural background to the foreground: An investigation of self-talk, performance, and persistence following feedback

Heather J Peters, Jean M. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

The negative and positive content of self-talk, the relationship of self-talk to performance, and persistence following positive and negative feedback were investigated across different cultural backgrounds (European Americans n = 54, East Asians n = 26). East Asians had a significantly larger proportion of negative to positive self-talk than European Americans, d = .62. The greater proportion of negative self-talk related to poorer performance for European Americans, but better performance for East Asians, r2 = .13. European Americans' practice persistence increased after receiving positive versus negative feedback, d = .59. No differences occurred in persistence for East Asians, d = .06. Results suggest sport psychology consultants and coaches should consider an athlete's cultural background when employing cognitive interventions and providing feedback.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)240-253
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

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