Motion-robust cardiac B1+ mapping at 3T using interleaved bloch-siegert shifts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Purpose: To develop and evaluate a robust motion-insensitive Bloch-Siegert shift based B1 + mapping method in the heart. Methods: Cardiac Bloch-Siegert B1 + mapping was performed with interleaved positive and negative off-resonance shifts and diastolic spoiled gradient echo imaging in 12 heartbeats. Numerical simulations were performed to study the impact of respiratory motion. The method was compared with three-dimensional (3D) actual flip angle imaging (AFI) and two-dimensional (2D) saturated double angle method (SDAM) in phantom scans. Cardiac B1 + maps of three different views were acquired in six healthy volunteers using Bloch-Siegert and SDAM during breath-hold and free breathing. In vivo maps were evaluated for inter-view consistency using the correlation coefficients of the B1 + profiles along the lines of intersection between the views. Results: For the Bloch-Siegert sequence, numerical simulations indicated high similarity between breath-hold and free breathing scans, and phantom results indicated low deviation from the 3D AFI reference (normalized root mean square error [NRMSE] = 2.0%). Increased deviation was observed with 2D SDAM (NRMSE = 5.0%) due to underestimation caused by imperfect excitation slice profiles. Breath-hold and free breathing Bloch-Siegert in vivo B1 + maps were visually comparable with no significant difference in the inter-view consistency (P > 0.36). SDAM showed strongly impaired B1 + map quality during free breathing. Inter-view consistency was significantly lower than with the Bloch-Siegert method (breath-hold: P = 0.014, free breathing: P < 0.0001). Conclusion: The proposed interleaved Bloch-Siegert sequence enables cardiac B1 + mapping with improved inter-view consistency and high resilience to respiratory motion. Magn Reson Med 78:670–677, 2017.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)670-677
Number of pages8
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volume78
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

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Keywords

  • abdominal imaging
  • B1+ mapping; Bloch-Siegert shift; motion robustness
  • cardiac imaging

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Cite this

Motion-robust cardiac B1+ mapping at 3T using interleaved bloch-siegert shifts. / Weingärtner, Sebastian; Zimmer, Fabian; Metzger, Greg; Ugurbil, Kamil; Van de Moortele, Pierre-Francois; Akcakaya, Mehmet.

In: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Vol. 78, No. 2, 01.08.2017, p. 670-677.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Purpose: To develop and evaluate a robust motion-insensitive Bloch-Siegert shift based B1 + mapping method in the heart. Methods: Cardiac Bloch-Siegert B1 + mapping was performed with interleaved positive and negative off-resonance shifts and diastolic spoiled gradient echo imaging in 12 heartbeats. Numerical simulations were performed to study the impact of respiratory motion. The method was compared with three-dimensional (3D) actual flip angle imaging (AFI) and two-dimensional (2D) saturated double angle method (SDAM) in phantom scans. Cardiac B1 + maps of three different views were acquired in six healthy volunteers using Bloch-Siegert and SDAM during breath-hold and free breathing. In vivo maps were evaluated for inter-view consistency using the correlation coefficients of the B1 + profiles along the lines of intersection between the views. Results: For the Bloch-Siegert sequence, numerical simulations indicated high similarity between breath-hold and free breathing scans, and phantom results indicated low deviation from the 3D AFI reference (normalized root mean square error [NRMSE] = 2.0{\%}). Increased deviation was observed with 2D SDAM (NRMSE = 5.0{\%}) due to underestimation caused by imperfect excitation slice profiles. Breath-hold and free breathing Bloch-Siegert in vivo B1 + maps were visually comparable with no significant difference in the inter-view consistency (P > 0.36). SDAM showed strongly impaired B1 + map quality during free breathing. Inter-view consistency was significantly lower than with the Bloch-Siegert method (breath-hold: P = 0.014, free breathing: P < 0.0001). Conclusion: The proposed interleaved Bloch-Siegert sequence enables cardiac B1 + mapping with improved inter-view consistency and high resilience to respiratory motion. Magn Reson Med 78:670–677, 2017.",
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