Mortality following operations for lower extremity peripheral arterial disease

Tracie C. Collins, David B Nelson, Jasjit S Ahluwalia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: We sought to identify risk factors associated with mortality following surgery for peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Methods: We evaluated the association between levels of control of atherosclerotic risk factors and time to mortality following either lower extremity bypass surgery or lower extremity amputation using Cox proportional hazards regression. Results: Among 796 patients with PAD (defined by an ankle-brachial index [ABI] < 0.9), 230 (28.9%) underwent an operation for PAD (136, lower-extremity bypasses; 111, lower-extremity amputations). Participants were followed for up to six years after their diagnosis of PAD. A total of 107 (46.5% of the 230) died during the period of follow-up. Factors associated with mortality following lower extremity bypass surgery included age 70 years and older hazard ratio [HR] 1.88; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.01-3.51) and of African American race (HR 1.94; 95% CI: 1.04-3.62). Renal insufficiency was significantly associated with mortality following lower extremity amputation (HR 2.19; 95% CI: 1.16-4.13). Conclusion: Our data provide information on preoperative risk variables to consider when assessing long-term mortality in persons with PAD who are undergoing surgery for PAD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-296
Number of pages10
JournalVascular Health and Risk Management
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Ankle-brachial index
  • Bypass surgery
  • Mortality
  • Risk factors

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