Morphine attenuates apically-directed cytokine secretion from intestinal epithelial cells in response to enteric pathogens

Amanda J. Brosnahan, Bryan J. Jones, Cheryl M. Dvorak, David R. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epithelial cells represent the first line of host immune defense at mucosal surfaces. Although opioids appear to increase host susceptibility to infection, no studies have examined opioid effects on epithelial immune functions. We tested the hypothesis that morphine alters vectorial cytokine secretion from intestinal epithelial cell (IPEC-J2) monolayers in response to enteropathogens. Both entero-adherent Escherichia coli O157:H7 and entero-invasive Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium increased apically-directed IL-6 secretion and bi-directional IL-8 secretion from epithelial monolayers, but only IL-6 secretion evoked by E. coli was reduced by morphine acting through a naloxone-sensitive mechanism. Moreover, the respective type 4 and 5 Toll-like receptor agonists, lipopolysaccharide and flagellin, increased IL-8 secretion from monolayers, which was also attenuated by morphine pretreatment. These results suggest that morphine decreases cytokine secretion and potentially phagocyte migration and activation directed towards the mucosal surface; actions that could increase host susceptibility to some enteric infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-257
Number of pages9
JournalPathogens
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2 2014

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