Various cytogenetic risk scoring systems may determine prognosis for patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). We evaluated 4 different risk scoring systems in predicting outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT). We classified 124 patients with MDS using the International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS), the revised International Prognostic Scoring System (R-IPSS), Armand's transplantation-specific cytogenetic grouping, and monosomal karyotype (MK) both at the time of diagnosis and at alloHCT. After adjusting for other important factors, MK at diagnosis (compared with no MK) was associated with poor 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) (27% [95% confidence interval, 12% to 42%] versus 39% [95% confidence interval, 28% to 50%], P= .02) and overall survival (OS) (29% [95% confidence interval, 14% to 44%] versus 47% [95% confidence interval, 36% to 59%], P= .02). OS but not DFS was affected by MK at alloHCT. MK frequency was uncommon in low-score R-IPPS and IPSS. Although IPSS and R-IPSS discriminated good/very good groups from poor/very poor groups, patients with intermediate-risk scores had the worst outcomes and, therefore, these scores did not show a progressive linear discriminating trend. Cytogenetic risk score change between diagnosis and alloHCT was uncommon and did not influence OS. MK cytogenetics in MDS are associated with poor survival, suggesting the need for alternative or intensified approaches to their treatment.
- Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation
- Cytogenetic scoring systems
- Monosomal karyotype
- Myelodysplastic syndrome