Mononuclear phagocyte morphological response to chemoattractants is dependent on geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate

Steven A. Krauklis, Jamal Hussain, Katherine M. Murphy, Evan L. Dray, Carey G. Ousley, Katarzyna Justyna, Mark D. Distefano, Andrew J. Steelman, Daniel B. McKim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Statins are used to treat hypercholesterolemia and function by inhibiting the production of the rate-limiting metabolite mevalonate. As such, statin treatment not only inhibits de novo synthesis of cholesterol but also isoprenoids that are involved in prenylation, the posttranslational lipid modification of proteins. The immunomodulatory effects of statins are broad and often conflicting. Previous work demonstrated that statins increased survival and inhibited myeloid cell trafficking in a murine model of sepsis, but the exact mechanisms underlying this phenomenon were unclear. Herein, we investigated the role of prenylation in chemoattractant responses. We found that simvastatin treatment abolished chemoattractant responses induced by stimulation by C5a and FMLP. The inhibitory effect of simvastatin treatment was unaffected by the addition of either farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) or squalene but was reversed by restoring geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate (GGPP). Treatment with prenyltransferase inhibitors showed that the chemoattractant response to both chemoattractants was dependent on geranylgeranylation. Proteomic analysis of C15AlkOPP-prenylated proteins identified several geranylgeranylated proteins involved in chemoattractant responses, including RHOA, RAC1, CDC42, and GNG2. Chemoattractant responses in THP-1 human macrophages were also geranylgeranylation dependent. These studies provide data that help clarify paradoxical findings on the immunomodulatory effects of statins. Furthermore, they establish the role of geranylgeranylation in mediating the morphological response to chemoattractant C5a.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The immunomodulatory effect of prenylation is ill-defined. We investigated the role of prenylation on the chemoattractant response to C5a. Simvastatin treatment inhibits the cytoskeletal remodeling associated with a chemotactic response. We showed that the chemoattractant response to C5a was dependent on geranylgeranylation, and proteomic analysis identified several geranylgeranylated proteins that are involved in C5a receptor signaling and cytoskeletal remodeling. Furthermore, they establish the role of geranylgeranylation in mediating the response to chemoattractant C5a.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E55-E68
JournalAmerican journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism
Volume327
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2024 the American Physiological Society.

Keywords

  • chemotaxis
  • geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate
  • isoprenoid
  • macrophage
  • mevalonate

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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