A monoclonal antibody was produced against the nuclear casein kinase II (PK-N2) isolated from rat liver. The antibody was of the IgM class, and showed immunoreactivity towards the higher molecular weight subunit (41K Da) of the protein kinase in Western blots. The antibody was equally reactive towards the PK-N2 isolated from rat ventral prostate indicating that it can recognize the enzyme from different tissues of the rat. The antibody also detected the cytosolic casein kinase II (CK-2) suggesting significant similarity of the antigenic domains in the two forms of this protein kinase. No binding was detected with the nuclear or cytosolic casein kinase I (PK-N1 and CK-1). The antibody did not inhibit the enzyme activity or directly precipitate the enzyme, but when coupled to an affinity matrix and cross-linked with dimethylpimelimidate, it was capable of removing nearly all the PK-N2 activity from solution.