Monitoring Indicators for Comprehensive Growth of Summer Maize Based on UAV Remote Sensing

Hao Ma, Xue Li, Jiangtao Ji, Hongwei Cui, Yi Shi, Nana Li, Ce Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Maize is one of the important grain crops grown globally, and growth will directly affect its yield and quality, so it is important to monitor maize growth efficiently and non-destructively. To facilitate the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for maize growth monitoring, comprehensive growth indicators for maize monitoring based on multispectral remote sensing imagery were established. First of all, multispectral image data of summer maize canopy were collected at the jointing stage, and meanwhile, leaf area index (LAI), relative chlorophyll content (SPAD), and plant height (VH) were measured. Then, the comprehensive growth monitoring indicators CGMICV and CGMICR for summer maize were constructed by the coefficient of variation method and the CRITIC weighting method. After that, the CGMICV and CGMICR prediction models were established by the partial least-squares (PLSR) and sparrow search optimization kernel extremum learning machine (SSA-KELM) using eight typical vegetation indices selected. Finally, a comparative analysis was performed using ground-truthing data, and the results show: (1) For CGMICV, the R2 and RMSE of the model built by SSA-KELM are 0.865 and 0.040, respectively. Compared to the model built by PLSR, R2 increased by 4.5%, while RMSE decreased by 0.3%. For CGMICR, the R2 and RMSE of the model built by SSA-KELM are 0.885 and 0.056, respectively. Compared to the other model, R2 increased by 4.6%, and RMSE decreased by 2.8%. (2) Compared to the models by single indicator, among the models constructed based on PLSR, the CGMICR model had the highest R2. In the models constructed based on SSA-KELM, the R2 of models by the CGMICR and CGMICV were larger than that of the models by SPAD (R2 = 0.837), while smaller than that of the models by LAI (R2 = 0.906) and models by VH (R2 = 0.902). In summary, the comprehensive growth monitoring indicators prediction model established in this paper is effective and can provide technical support for maize growth monitoring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2888
JournalAgronomy
Volume13
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • SSA-KELM
  • comprehensive growth
  • multispectral remote sensing
  • summer maize
  • vegetation index

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