Monitoring disturbance intervals in forests: a case study of increasing forest disturbance in Minnesota

David C Wilson, Randall S. Morin, Lee E Frelich, Alan R. Ek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Key Message: We develop analytical methods and explore trends in disturbance interval via systematic forest inventory observations at a bioregional scale. Context: Our study spans the dynamic ecotone at the intersection of southern boreal forest, mixed hardwood forest, and tall-grass prairie ecosystems in Minnesota, USA. Disturbance-related tree mortality is a major driver of demographic and successional change in this bioregion. Aims: We aim to provide reliable disturbance estimates for forest ecology and economic research. Methods: We develop methods applicable to any region with systematic forest inventory observations. We assess disturbances observed by the United States Department of Agriculture-Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis program on permanent sample plots in Minnesota, USA. Results: A roughly 50% reduction in disturbance interval is apparent across all forest cover types and for most disturbance categories. The largest changes are for insect damage, disease, wind events, drought, and fire. Conclusion: Publicly available forest inventory data captures the frequency of disturbance events across bioregional landscapes and over time. Our methods serve to highlight rapid changes in rates of damage to standing trees within the study area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number78
JournalAnnals of Forest Science
Volume76
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019

Fingerprint

forest inventory
case studies
disturbance
monitoring
forest economics
forest ecology
USDA Forest Service
tree mortality
ecotones
hardwood forests
mixed forests
boreal forests
prairies
analytical methods
demographic statistics
methodology
drought
damage
grasses
ecotone

Keywords

  • Bioregional scale
  • Disturbance
  • Field observation
  • Forest inventory
  • Rotation interval
  • Trends

Cite this

Monitoring disturbance intervals in forests : a case study of increasing forest disturbance in Minnesota. / Wilson, David C; Morin, Randall S.; Frelich, Lee E; Ek, Alan R.

In: Annals of Forest Science, Vol. 76, No. 3, 78, 01.09.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{cbb36cd9af3349aa91441872e121ee7f,
title = "Monitoring disturbance intervals in forests: a case study of increasing forest disturbance in Minnesota",
abstract = "Key Message: We develop analytical methods and explore trends in disturbance interval via systematic forest inventory observations at a bioregional scale. Context: Our study spans the dynamic ecotone at the intersection of southern boreal forest, mixed hardwood forest, and tall-grass prairie ecosystems in Minnesota, USA. Disturbance-related tree mortality is a major driver of demographic and successional change in this bioregion. Aims: We aim to provide reliable disturbance estimates for forest ecology and economic research. Methods: We develop methods applicable to any region with systematic forest inventory observations. We assess disturbances observed by the United States Department of Agriculture-Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis program on permanent sample plots in Minnesota, USA. Results: A roughly 50{\%} reduction in disturbance interval is apparent across all forest cover types and for most disturbance categories. The largest changes are for insect damage, disease, wind events, drought, and fire. Conclusion: Publicly available forest inventory data captures the frequency of disturbance events across bioregional landscapes and over time. Our methods serve to highlight rapid changes in rates of damage to standing trees within the study area.",
keywords = "Bioregional scale, Disturbance, Field observation, Forest inventory, Rotation interval, Trends",
author = "Wilson, {David C} and Morin, {Randall S.} and Frelich, {Lee E} and Ek, {Alan R.}",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s13595-019-0858-3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "76",
journal = "Annals of Forest Science",
issn = "1286-4560",
publisher = "Springer Science + Business Media",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Monitoring disturbance intervals in forests

T2 - a case study of increasing forest disturbance in Minnesota

AU - Wilson, David C

AU - Morin, Randall S.

AU - Frelich, Lee E

AU - Ek, Alan R.

PY - 2019/9/1

Y1 - 2019/9/1

N2 - Key Message: We develop analytical methods and explore trends in disturbance interval via systematic forest inventory observations at a bioregional scale. Context: Our study spans the dynamic ecotone at the intersection of southern boreal forest, mixed hardwood forest, and tall-grass prairie ecosystems in Minnesota, USA. Disturbance-related tree mortality is a major driver of demographic and successional change in this bioregion. Aims: We aim to provide reliable disturbance estimates for forest ecology and economic research. Methods: We develop methods applicable to any region with systematic forest inventory observations. We assess disturbances observed by the United States Department of Agriculture-Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis program on permanent sample plots in Minnesota, USA. Results: A roughly 50% reduction in disturbance interval is apparent across all forest cover types and for most disturbance categories. The largest changes are for insect damage, disease, wind events, drought, and fire. Conclusion: Publicly available forest inventory data captures the frequency of disturbance events across bioregional landscapes and over time. Our methods serve to highlight rapid changes in rates of damage to standing trees within the study area.

AB - Key Message: We develop analytical methods and explore trends in disturbance interval via systematic forest inventory observations at a bioregional scale. Context: Our study spans the dynamic ecotone at the intersection of southern boreal forest, mixed hardwood forest, and tall-grass prairie ecosystems in Minnesota, USA. Disturbance-related tree mortality is a major driver of demographic and successional change in this bioregion. Aims: We aim to provide reliable disturbance estimates for forest ecology and economic research. Methods: We develop methods applicable to any region with systematic forest inventory observations. We assess disturbances observed by the United States Department of Agriculture-Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis program on permanent sample plots in Minnesota, USA. Results: A roughly 50% reduction in disturbance interval is apparent across all forest cover types and for most disturbance categories. The largest changes are for insect damage, disease, wind events, drought, and fire. Conclusion: Publicly available forest inventory data captures the frequency of disturbance events across bioregional landscapes and over time. Our methods serve to highlight rapid changes in rates of damage to standing trees within the study area.

KW - Bioregional scale

KW - Disturbance

KW - Field observation

KW - Forest inventory

KW - Rotation interval

KW - Trends

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069928166&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85069928166&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s13595-019-0858-3

DO - 10.1007/s13595-019-0858-3

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85069928166

VL - 76

JO - Annals of Forest Science

JF - Annals of Forest Science

SN - 1286-4560

IS - 3

M1 - 78

ER -