Molecular mechanisms underlying calcification in coccolithophores

Luke Mackinder, Glen Wheeler, Declan Schroeder, Ulf Riebesell, Colin Brownlee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations


A numberof studies are providing increasing genomic and tran-scriptomic information on the molecular components of transport, and biochemical control in the cell biology of calcification in coccol-ithophores. In this review we summarise recent evidence for molecular components involved in the trans-cellular transport of Ca2+, inorganic carbon and H+ between the external medium and the in-tracellular calcification compartment. We present new hypotheses for the transport of infstrates to the site of calcification and for the removal of products, highlighting key gaps in our current knowledge. We also discuss how a cellular and molecular approach will improve abilities to understand and predict responses and adaptation to changing ocean chemistry of this important group of microorganisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)585-595
Number of pages11
JournalGeomicrobiology Journal
Issue number6-7
StatePublished - 2010


  • Biogeochemical cycling
  • Biomineralization
  • Coccol-ithophores
  • Molecular
  • Transport


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