A purified opioid-binding protein has been characterized by cDNA cloning. The cDNA sequence predicts an extracellularly located glycoprotein of 345 amino acids. This protein does not possess a membrane-spanning domain but contains a C-terminal hydrophobic sequence characteristic of membrane attachment by a phosphatidylinositol linkage. It displays homology to the immunoglobulin protein superfamily, featuring three domains that resemble disulfide-bonded constant regions. More specifically, the protein is most homologous to a subfamily of proteins which includes the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) and myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) and one subgroup of the tyrosine kinase growth factor receptors comprising the platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGF R), the colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF-1 R) ahd the c-kit protooncogene. These sequence homologies suggest that the protein could be involved in either cell recognition and adhesion, peptidergic ligand binding or both.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 1989|