Molecular basis of type I (tryrosinase‐related) oculocutaneous albinism: Mutations and polymorphisms of the human tyrosinase gene

William S. Oetting, Richard A. King

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Abstract

Type I (tyrosinase related) oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) results from mutations of the tyrosinase gene on chromosome 11q that lead to reduced or absent melanin pigment synthesis. The phenotype of Type I OCA is broad, ranging from a total lack to only a moderate reduction of melanin, and the phenotypic variation is associated with different mutant alleles at the tyrosinase locus. A total of 36 mutations have been identified in Type I OCA including 24 missense, 4 nonsense, and 8 frameshift mutations. The majority of affected individuals have been compound heterozygotes with different maternal and paternal alleles. Six polymorphic sites for haplotype analysis have been identified in the tyrosinase gene including 2 in the promoter region, 2 in the coding region associated with alternative amino acids in the protein, and 2 RFLPs in the first intron. © 1993 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalHuman mutation
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

Keywords

  • Albinism
  • Mutations
  • OCA
  • Polymorphisms
  • Tyrosinase

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