Modulation of calprotectin in human keratinocytes by keratinocyte growth factor and interleukin-1α

Mika Bando, Yuka Hiroshima, Masatoshi Kataoka, Mark C. Herzberg, Karen F. Ross, Yasuo Shinohara, Takenori Yamamoto, Toshihiko Nagata, Jun Ichi Kido

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Calprotectin is an antimicrobial complex composed of the S100A8 and S100A9 protein family subunits. Contributing to innate immunity, calprotectin expression is increased by interleukin-1α (IL-1α), which modulates keratinocyte differentiation. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) is produced by mesenchymal cells and has a mitogenic activity for epithelial cells. In this study, we investigated the effect of KGF on calprotectin expression in keratinocytes and modulation by IL-1α. Human keratinocytes were cultured with KGF in the presence or absence of a KGF receptor (KGFR) inhibitor or mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors. Calprotectin (S100A8/S100A9) expression was determined by northern blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively, whereas MAPK phosphorylation was analyzed by western blot analysis. KGF significantly decreased the expression of S100A8/S100A9-specific mRNAs and calprotectin protein. In the presence of KGF, KGFR inhibitor or extracellular-regulated kinase inhibitor restored KGF-downregulated expression of S100A8/S100A9. KGF increased IL-1α expression in keratinocytes, whereas IL-1α increased KGF expression in fibroblasts. Cocultured fibroblast and keratinocytes showed lower S100A8/S100A9 mRNA expression than keratinocytes alone in the presence or absence of IL-1α or KGF. These results suggest that fibroblast-derived KGF reduces or restricts calprotectin expression in keratinocytes, which supports our hypothesis that calprotectin expression in keratinocytes is modulated by factors associated with epithelial-mesenchymal interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)328-333
Number of pages6
JournalImmunology and Cell Biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2010


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