L-Prolyl-L-leucyl-glycinamide (PLG), also known as melanocyte- stimulating hormone release inhibiting factor (MIF-1), is an endogenous brain tripeptide. Previous studies have shown that PLG, and its peptidomimetic analogues, render dopamine D2 receptors more responsive to agonists by maintaining the high-affinity binding state of the receptors. In the present study, we examined the effect PLG and its analogue 3(R)-[(2(S)- pyrrolidylcarbonyl)amino]-2-oxo-I-pyrrolidineacetamide (PAOPA) on dopamine- stimulated adenylyl cyclase and NPA-stimulated GTPase activity in rat striatal membranes. Dopamine-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity was inhibited by both PLG and PAOPA in a dose-dependent manner, whereas R(-)- propylnorapomorphine (NPA)-stimulated low K(m) GTPase activity was significantly increased by 1 μM PLG or 1 nM PAOPA. These results suggest that PLG and PAOPA maintain the high affinity state of the D2 receptor by increasing GTP hydrolysis through stimulation of agonist-induced GTpase activity.
- D receptor
- L-Prolyl-L-leucyl- glycinamide