Axial segregation is a well-known example of segregation of granular materials. However, at present, there is no conclusive explanation as to why it occurs. Most studies of axial segregation to date are based on cylinders with circular cross sections, and models focus on the character of the surface flow without accounting explicitly for the influence of any subsurface detail. The present experiments demonstrate that the cross section of the mixer has a significant influence on axial segregation and that subsurface dynamics are, in fact, important. Unlike circular mixers, in square mixers the subsurface segregation patterns change with filling level, as does the time dependence of axial segregation. Furthermore, when radial segregation patterns in noncircular mixers most closely resemble that observed for circular cylinders, the time dependence for axial band formation deviates the most. These results challenge segregation theories of axial segregation that ignore subsurface effects.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|Issue number||1 Part 1|
|State||Published - Jul 2001|