Modelling the measurement of thoracic tissue impedance layers with local electrode arrays

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

There is an interest to use small surface and implanted electrode arrays to measure muscle and lung tissue characteristics. Using a finite difference model of the thorax with 3.9 million control volumes created from MRI images, linear electrode arrays with up to 22 electrodes with spacing of approximately one cm were studied. The arrays were placed on the surface, between the fat and pectoral muscle and between the pectoral muscle and the lung. Using lead field theory and sensitivity analysis, the contributions of the muscle, fat, and lung tissue to the total impedance were determined for various combinations of current excitation pairs and voltage pick up electrodes. For the surface electrode array the maximum contribution of the muscle was approximately 36% and for the lung 9%. If an isolated electrode array is place over pectoral muscle the maximum contribution of the muscle is approximately 73% and the lung 13%. If an insulated (fat side) electrode array is placed over the pectoral muscle the maximum muscle contribution is 90% and the lung 14% which occurs at different electrode spacing. The maximum values for the different tissues do not occur with the same spacing. This study presents data on what electrode spacing will produce the maximum contribution to the impedance for the tissue of interest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication13th International Conference on Electrical Bioimpedance and the 8th Conference on Electrical Impedance Tomography 2007, ICEBI 2007
Pages16-19
Number of pages4
Volume17 IFMBE
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007
Event13th International Conference on Electrical Bioimpedance and the 8th Conference on Electrical Impedance Tomography 2007, ICEBI 2007 - Graz, Austria
Duration: Aug 29 2007Sep 2 2007

Other

Other13th International Conference on Electrical Bioimpedance and the 8th Conference on Electrical Impedance Tomography 2007, ICEBI 2007
CountryAustria
CityGraz
Period8/29/079/2/07

Keywords

  • Arrays
  • Electrodes
  • Finite difference
  • Models
  • Tissue impedance

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Modelling the measurement of thoracic tissue impedance layers with local electrode arrays'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this