Modelling intra-city time-dependent travel speeds for vehicle scheduling problems

Arthur V. Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Scopus citations


Many research papers have presented mathematical models for vehicle scheduling. Several of these models have been embedded in commercial decision support systems for intra-city vehicle scheduling for launderies, grocery stores, banks, express mail customers, etc. Virtually all of these models ignore the important issue of time-dependent travel speeds for intra-city travel. Travel speeds (and times) in nearly all metropolitan areas change drastically during the day because of congestion in certain parts of the city road network. The assumption of constant (time-independent) travel speeds seriously affectsthe usefulness of these models. This is particularly true whentime windows (earliest and latest stop time constraints) and other scheduling issues are important. This research proposes aparsimonious model for time-dependent travel speeds and several approaches for estimating the parameters for this model. An example is presented to illustrate the proposed modelling approach. The issue of developing algorithms to find near-optimal vehicle schedules with time-dependent travel speeds is also discussed. The modelling approach presented in this paper has been implemented in a commercial courier vehicle scheduling system and was judged to be ߢvery usefulߣ by users in a number of different metropolitan areas in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-351
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Operational Research Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1992


  • Travel time estimation
  • Vehical sheduling


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